- Volume 55 Issue 5
DOI QR Code
Effects of Supplementary Rice Bran and Roasted Soybean in the Diets on Carcass Characteristics and Composition of CLA in Hanwoo Steers
사료 내 미강과 볶은 대두 첨가가 거세한우의 도체특성과 CLA 함량에 미치는 영향
- Kim, Sung Il (Departement of Animal Science, Gyeonguk Provincial College) ;
- Lee, Gwang Ho (Department of Statistics, College of Sciences, Yeungnam University) ;
- Choi, Chang Bon (School of Biotechnlogy, Yeungnam University)
- Received : 2013.04.24
- Accepted : 2013.10.14
- Published : 2013.10.31
This study investigated the carcass characteristics and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content in Hanwoo steers that received supplementary rice bran (Rice bran group) and roasted soybeans (Roasted soybean group) into their finishing concentrates. The final body weight was 754.58, 783.33, and 755.67 kg, and the average daily gain was 0.50, 0.57, and 0.50 kg for the Control, Rice bran, and Roasted soybean group, respectively, showing no statistical differences. Feed requirements for the Rice bran group were 14.5% higher than the Control and 12.8% higher than the Roasted soybean group. No statistical differences were found in indices for carcass yield and quality grade between the groups. The composition of c9, t11 CLA in perirenal fats was significantly higher in the Roasted soybean group (0.21%) compared to the Rice bran group (0.15%) and Control (0.16%) groups (p<0.05). The composition of c9, t11 CLA in the M. Longissimus dorsi was also higher in the Roasted soybean group (0.21%) compared to the Control (0.16%) group. The composition of t10, c12 CLA in the M. Longissimus dorsi was statistically lower in the Roasted soybean group compared to the Control group (p<0.05). In perirenal fats, the composition of t11 trans-vaccenic acid (TVA) was significantly (p<0.05) higher in the Roasted soybean group compared to the control group. The TVA composition in the Roasted soybean group increased to 15.09 and 6.92%, respectively, in subcutaneous and M. Longissimus dorsi fats comparing to the Control group, without statistical differences between the treatment groups. In conclusion, rice bran is beneficial for improving feed efficiencies, while roasted soybeans are effective for increasing CLA in the M. Longissimus dorsi of Hanwoo steers.
Rice bran;Roasted soybean;Conjugated linoleic acid(CLA);Hanwoo steers;TVA
- Bretillon, L., Chardigny, J. M., Gregoire, S., Berdeaux, O. and Sebedio, J. L. 1999. Effects of conjugated linoleic acid isomers on the hepatic microsomal desaturationactivities in vitro. Lipid, 34:965-969 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-999-0446-9
- Corl, B. A., Baumgard, L. H., Dwyer, D. A., Griinari, J. M., Phillips, B. S. and Bauman, D. E. 2001. The role of delta (9)-destaurase in the production of cis-9, trans-11 CLA. H. Nutr. 38, 225-232.
- Dhiman, T. R., Nam, S. H. and Ure, A. L. 2005. Factors affecting conjugated linoleic acid content in milk and meat.Critical reviews in Food Science and Nutritio. 45, 463-482. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408390591034463
- Farrell, D. J. 1994. Utilization of rice bran in diets for domestic fowl and duckling. World's Poultly Sci. J. 50:115-131. https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS19940012
- Felton, E. E. D. and Kerley, M. S. 2004. Performance and carcass quality of steer fed different sources of dietary fat. J. Anim. Sci. 82, 1794-1805.
- Folch, J., Lee, M. and Sloan-Stanley, G. H. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissue. J. Biol. Chem. 226, 497-504.
- French, P. M., Stanton, C., Lawless, F., O'Riordan, E. G., Monahan, F. J., Caffrey, P. J. and Moloney, A. P. 2000. Fatty acid composition, including congrass silage, or concentrate-based diets. J. Anim. Sci. 78, 2849-2855
- Frische J., Frische, S., Solomon, M. B., Mossoba, M. M., Yurawecz, M. P., Morehouse, K. and Ku, Y. 2000. Quantitative determination of conjugated linoleic acid isomers in beef fat. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 102, 667-672. https://doi.org/10.1002/1438-9312(200011)102:11<667::AID-EJLT667>3.0.CO;2-N
- Griinari, J. M., Corl, B. A., Lacy, S. H., Chouinard, P. Y., Numela, K. V. V. and Bauman, D. E. 2000. Conjugated linoleic acid is synthesized endogenously in lactating dairy cows by delta(9)-destaurase. J. Nutr. 130, 2285-2291.
- Ha, Y. L., Grimm, N. K. and Pariza, M. W. 1987. Anticarcinogens from Fried Ground Beef: Heat-Altered Derivatives of Linoleic Acid. Carcinogenesis. 8, 1881-1887. https://doi.org/10.1093/carcin/8.12.1881
- Ishitani, A. 1980. Oryzanol antioxidant for food. JPN. Kokai Tokkyo Kobo, 8050.
- Lee, K. N., Kritchevsky, D. and Pariza, M. W. 1994. Conjugated Linoleic Acid and Atherosclerosis in Rabbits. Atherosclerosis. 108, 19-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9150(94)90034-5
- Bauman, D. E., Baumgard, L. H., Corl, B. A. and Griinari, J. M. 1999. Biosynthesis of conjugated linoleic acid in ruminants. Proc. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. Available from http://www.asas.org/jas/ symposia/proceeding/0937.pdf.
- Bauman, D. E., Barbano, D. M. and Dwyer, D. A. 2000. Technical note: Production of butter with enhanced conjugated linoleic acid for use in biomedical studies with animal models. J. Dairy Sci. 83, 2422-2425. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75131-9
- Lee, K. N., Pariza, M. W. and Ntambi, J. M. 1998. Conjugated linoleic acid decreases Hepatic stearoyl-CoA desaturase mRNA expression. biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 248:817-821. https://doi.org/10.1006/bbrc.1998.8994
- Lepage, G. and Roy, C. C. 1986. Direct transesterification of all classes of lipid in a one-step reaction. J. Lipid Research. 27, 114-120.
- Madron, M. S., Peterson, D. G., Dwyer, D. A., Corl, B. A. and Bauman, D. E. 2002. Effect of extruded full-fat soybeans on conjugated linoleic acid content of instramuscular, intermuscular and subcutaneous for in beef steers. 80, 1135-1143.
- Mir, P. S., Mir., Z., Kuber, P. S., Gaskins, C. T., Martin, E. L., Dodson, M. V., Elias Calles, J. A., Johnson, K. A., Busboom, J. R., Wood, A. J., Pittenger, G. J. and Reeves, J. J. 2002. Growth, carcass characteristics, muscle conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content, and response to intravenous glucose challenge in high percentage Wagyu, Wagyu X Limousin, and Limousin steers fed sunflower oil-containing diets. J. Anim. Sci. 80, 2996-3004.
- Mitaru, B. N., Satter, L. D. and Blair, R. 1984. Nutritive value of reconstituted sorghum grains for weaning pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 58:1211.
- Moran, J. B. 1983. Rich bran as a supplement to elephant grass for cattle and buffalo in Indonesia. I. Feed intake, utilization and growth rate. J. Agric. Sci.. 100, 709-716. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600035498
- Morrison, F. B. 1956. Feed and Feeding. (22nd Ed). The Morrison Publishing Co., Ithaca, N.Y.
- SAS. 2002. SAS User's Guide:Statistics. SAS Institute Inc. Cary. NC.
- Sehat, N., Rickert, R., Mossba, M. M., Kramer, J. K. G., Yurawecz, M .P., Roach, J. A., Adlof, R. O., Morehouse, K. M., Frische, J., Eulitz, K. D., Steinhart, H. and Ku, Y. 1999. Improved separation of conjugated fatty acid methyl esters by silver ion-high performance liquid chromatography. Lipids, 34, 407-413. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-999-0379-3
- Shantha, N. C., Moody, W. G. and Tabeidi, Z. 1997. Conjugated linoleic acid concentration in semimembravosus muscale of grass and grain-fed and zeranol-implanted beef cattle. J. Muscled Foods. 8:105-110. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-4573.1997.tb00381.x
- Wachira, A. M., Sinclair, L. A., Wilkinson, R. G., Enser, M., Wood, J. D. and Fisher, A. V. 2002. Effects of dietary fat source and breed on the carcass composition, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid and conjugated linoleic acid content of sheep meat and adipose tissue. British J. Nutr. 88:697-709. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN2002727
- Whang, K. Y. 1990. Full-Fat soybean in livestock feeds. Korean Soybean Digest. 7(1), 29-34.
- White, T. W. and Hembry, F. G. 1985. Rich by-products in ruminant rations. Louisiana Agric. Exp. stat. Bull. 771, 1-18.
- Yoshikazu, A., Tani, H., Shimizu, N., Yamaguchi, S. Iwamoto, E. and Fuzita, F. 2009. Influence of the formula feed which contained mainly full-fat rice bran, barley bran, rough ground barley and broken rice on the productivity and meat quality in fattening Japanese Black cows. 肉牛硏究 會報. 87, 19-028.
- Effects of Rice Bran, Flax Seed, and Sunflower Seed on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Fatty Acid Composition, Free Amino Acid and Peptide Contents, and Sensory Evaluations of Native Korean Cattle (Hanwoo) vol.29, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.15.0264