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The Effect of Modified Cryopreservation Method on Viability of Frozen-thawed Primordial Germ Cell on the Korean Native Chicken (Ogye)

한국재래닭 (오계) 원시생식세포에 있어 동결방법의 개선이 융해 후 생존율에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Hyun (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Dong Hun (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Han, Jae Yong (WCU Biomodulation Major, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Choi, Sung Bok (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Ko, Yeoung-Gyu (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Do, Yoon Jung (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Seong, Hwan-Hoo (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Sung Woo (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA)
  • 김현 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 김동훈 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 한재용 (서울대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 최성복 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 고응규 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 도윤정 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 성환후 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 김성우 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장)
  • Received : 2013.06.17
  • Accepted : 2013.09.13
  • Published : 2013.10.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to establish methods for preserving chicken primordial germ cells (PGCs) for long-term storage in liquid nitrogen and for developmental engineering or preservation of species. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of fetal bovine serum (FBS) or chicken serum (CS) treatment on the viability of cryopreserved PGCs from Korean Native Chicken (Ogye). PGCs separated from a germinal gonad of an early embryo at day 5.5-6 (stage 28) were suspended in a freezing medium containing freezing and protective agents (dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), ethylene glycol (EG) and glycerol). The values from 0, 5, 10, and 15 % DMSO plus FBS treatment were 21.6, 30.36, 36.42, 50.39, and 48.36 %, respectively. The viability of PGCs after freeze-thawing was significantly higher for 10% EG plus FBS treatment than for 10% EG + FCS treatment (p<0.05) (64.36% vs. 50.66%). This study establishes a method for preserving chicken PGC that enables systematic storage and labeling of cryopreserved PGC in liquid nitrogen at a germplasm repository and an ease of entry into a database. In the future, the importance for this new technology is that poultry lines can be conserved while work is being conducted to improve the production of germline chimeras.

Keywords

Primordial germ cells (PGCs);EG;Viability;Korean native chicken (Ogye);Slow freezing

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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