DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Newly Recorded Sea Urchin (Echinoidea: Spatangoida: Spatangidae) from Geomundo Island, Korea

  • Shin, Sook (Department of Life Science, Sahmyook University)
  • Received : 2013.06.03
  • Accepted : 2013.09.10
  • Published : 2013.10.31

Abstract

A sea urchin was collected from Geomundo Island of Jeollanam-do, Korea on July 3, 2009. This specimen was classified as Spatangus luetkeni A. Agassiz 1872 belonging to the family Spatangidae of order Spatangoida based on the morphological characteristics. This genus and species are newly recorded in Korea. It is distinct morphological characters that test is thick and strong, six to eight primary tubercles are in 1 and 4 interambulacra, sternum is equipped with little keel, and color in alcohol is dark violet. This species inhabits tropical waters and usually distributes over the West Pacific from southern Japan to New Zealand.

References

  1. Agassiz A, 1872. Revision of the Echini. Memoirs of the Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, Cambridge, 7:1-378.
  2. Agassiz A, 1873. Revision of the Echini. Memoirs of the Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, Cambridge, 7:379-628.
  3. Clark HL, 1917. Hawaiian and other Pacific echini. No. 2. The Echinodeidae, Nucleolitidae, Urechinidae, Echinocorythidae, Calymnidae, Pourtalesiidae, Palaeostomatidae, Aeropsidae, Palaeopneustidae, Hemiasteridae, and Spatangidae. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, Cambridge, 46:81-783.
  4. Kroh A, Mooi R, 2013. World Echinoidea database [Internet]. The world register of marine species (WoRMS), Accessed 18 Jan 2013, .
  5. Mortensen T, 1951. A Monograph of the Echinoidea. V, 2. Spatangoida II. Amphisternata II. Spatangidae, Loveniidae, Pericosmidae, Schizasteridae, Brissidae. C.A. Reitzel, Copenhagen, pp. 1-593.
  6. Rowe FWE, Gates J, 1995. Echinodermata. In: Zoological catalogue of Australia. Vol. 33 (Ed., Wells A). CSIRO Australia, Melbourne, pp. 1-510.
  7. Shin S, 2012. Invertebrate fauna of Korea. Vol. 32. Sea urchins: Echinodermata: Echinozoa: Echinoidea. National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon, pp. 1-122.
  8. Shin S, Rho BJ, 1996. Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna and flora of Korea. Vol. 36. Echinodermata. Ministry of Education, Seoul, pp. 1-780.
  9. Smith AB, 2004. Phylogeny and systematics of holasteroid echinoids and their migration into the deep-sea. Palaeontology, 47:123-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0031-0239.2004.00352.x
  10. Stockley B, Smith AB, Littlewood T, Lessios HA, Mackenzie- Dodds JA, 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of spatangoid sea urchins (Echinoidea): taxon sampling density and congruence between morphological and molecular estimates. Zoologica Scripta, 34:447-468. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00201.x