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Association of Tyrosinase (TYR) and Tyrosinase-related Protein 1 (TYRP1) with Melanic Plumage Color in Korean Quails (Coturnix coturnix)

  • Xu, Ying (College of Animal Science, Henan University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Zhang, Xiao-Hui (College of Animal Science, Henan University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Pang, You-Zhi (College of Animal Science, Henan University of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2013.03.20
  • Accepted : 2013.05.30
  • Published : 2013.11.01

Abstract

TYR (Tyrosinase) and TYRP1 (Tyrosinase-related protein 1) play crucial roles in determining the coat color of birds. In this paper, we aimed to characterize the relationship of TYR and TYRP1 genes with plumage colors in Korean quails. The SNPs were searched by cDNA sequencing and PCR-SSCP in three plumage color Korean quails (maroon, white and black plumage). Two SNPs ($367T{\rightarrow}C$ and $1153C{\rightarrow}T$) were found in the coding region of TYRP1 gene, but had no significant association with plumage phenotype in Korean quails. The expression of TYR was higher in black plumage quails than that in maroon plumage quails. In contrast, the expression of TYRP1 was lower in black plumage quails than that in maroon plumage quails. This study suggested that the melanic plumage color in Korean quails may be associated with either increased production of TYR or decreased production of TYRP1.

Keywords

Korean Quail;TYR;TYRP1;Polymorphism;Gene Expression

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