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Breast Self Examination Practice and Breast Cancer Risk Perception among Female University Students in Ajman

  • Al-Sharbatti, Shatha Saed (Community Medicine Department, Gulf Medical University) ;
  • Shaikh, Rizwana Burhanuddin (Community Medicine Department, Gulf Medical University) ;
  • Mathew, Elsheba (Community Medicine Department, Gulf Medical University) ;
  • Al-Biate, Mawahib Abd Salman (Community Medicine Department, Gulf Medical University)
  • Published : 2013.08.30

Abstract

Breast cancer is the top cancer in women worldwide and its incidence is increasing, particularly in developing countries. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), many cases are first diagnosed in later stages and at younger age compared to those seen in developed countries. Early detection in order to improve breast cancer outcome and survival remains the cornerstone of breast cancer control. Performance of breast self examination is one of the important steps for identifying breast disease at an early stage, by the woman herself. No information has hitherto been available about the frequency of this practice among female university students in UAE or about their breast cancer risk perception and therefore the present study was conducted in Ajman. It was found that 22.7% of the participants practiced BSE but only 3% of them practiced BSE monthly. Marital status but not age as significantly associated with age likelihood. The most frequent reported barriers for BSE were lack of knowledge, considering oneself not at risk and the absence of doctor advice. These factors need to be taken into account in intervention efforts.

Keywords

Breast cancer;breast self examination;risk perception;United Arab Emirates

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