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Alcohol Consumption and Breast Cancer Survival: A Metaanalysis of Cohort Studies

  • Gou, Yun-Jiu (Department of Thoracic Surgery, Lanzhou University, Second Hospital) ;
  • Xie, Ding-Xiong (First People's Hospital of Lanzhou City, Gansu Provincial Cardiovascular Institute) ;
  • Yang, Ke-Hu (Evidence-Based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University) ;
  • Liu, Ya-Li (Evidence-Based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University) ;
  • Zhang, Jian-Hua (Department of Thoracic Surgery, Lanzhou University, Second Hospital) ;
  • Li, Bin (Department of Thoracic Surgery, Lanzhou University, Second Hospital) ;
  • He, Xiao-Dong (The Second Clinical Medical College of Lanzhou University)
  • Published : 2013.08.30

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Evidence for associations between alcohol consumption with breast cancer survival are conflicting, so we conducted the present meta-analysis. Methods: Comprehensive searches were conducted to find cohort studies that evaluated the relationship between alcohol consumption with breast cancer survival. Data were analyzed with meta-analysis software. Results: We included 25 cohort studies. The meta-analysis results showed that alcohol consumption was not associated with increased breast cancer mortality and recurrence after pooling all data from highest versus lowest comparisons. Subgroup analyses showed that pre-diagnostic or post-diagnostic consumpotion, and ER status did not affect the relationship with breast cancer mortality and recurrence. Although the relationships of different alcohol consumption with breast cancer mortality and recurrence were not significant, there seemed to be a dose-response relationship of alcohol consumption with breast cancer mortality and recurrence. Only alcohol consumption of >20 g/d was associated with increased breast cancer mortality, but not with increased breast cancer recurrence. Conclusion: Although our meta-analysis showed alcohol drinking was not associated with increased breast cancer mortality and recurrence, there seemed to be a dose-response relationship of alcohol consumption with breast cancer mortality and recurrence and alcohol consumption of >20 g/d was associated with increased breast cancer mortality.

Keywords

Alcohol;breast neoplasms;survival;meta-analysis

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