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Cigarette Smoking and Prostate Cancer Risk: Negative Results of the Seoul Male Cancer Cohort Study

  • Bae, Jong-Myon (Department of Preventive Medicine, Jeju National University, School of Medicine) ;
  • Li, Zhong-Min (Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, Jilin University School of Public Health Science) ;
  • Shin, Myung-Hee (Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Hyun (Department of Social Mediicine, Hallym University College of Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Moo-Song (Department of Preventive Medicine, Ulsan University College of Medicine) ;
  • Ahn, Yoon-Ok (Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine)
  • Published : 2013.08.30

Abstract

We evaluated cigarette smoking as a risk factor for prostate cancer in a prospective, population-based cohort study. The subjects were 14,450 males among the participants in the Seoul Male Cancer Cohort Study who had at least 1-year follow-up. They were followed up between 1993 and 2008. During the 16-year follow-up period, 87 cases of prostate cancer occurred over the 207,326 person-years of the study. The age-adjusted relative risks of past and current smokers at entry were 0.60 (95%CI: 0.34-1.06) and 0.70 (95%CI: 0.43-1.13), respectively, suggesting that cigarette smoking may not be a risk factor for prostate cancer. The relationship between prostate cancer and other modifiable factors, such as Westernized diet, should be studied with the goal of establishing prevention programs for prostate cancer.

Keywords

Prostate neoplasms;cancer incidence;cigarette smoking;cohort study

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