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The Synergistic Anticancer Effect of Artesunate Combined with Allicin in Osteosarcoma Cell Line in Vitro and in Vivo

  • Jiang, Wei (Department of Orthopaedic, Wenling City Chinese Medicine Hospital) ;
  • Huang, Yong (Department of Orthopaedic, Wenling City Chinese Medicine Hospital) ;
  • Wang, Jing-Peng (Department of Orthopaedic, Wenling City Chinese Medicine Hospital) ;
  • Yu, Xiao-Yun (Department of Orthopaedic, Wenling City Chinese Medicine Hospital) ;
  • Zhang, Lin-Yi (Department of Orthopaedic, Wenling City Chinese Medicine Hospital)
  • Published : 2013.08.30

Abstract

Background: Artesunate, extracted from Artemisia annua, has been proven to have anti-cancer potential. Allicin, diallyl thiosulfinate, the main biologically active compound derived from garlic, is also of interest in cancer treatment research. This object of this report was to document synergistic effects of artesunate combined with allicin on osteosarcoma cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Methods: After treatment with artesunate and allicin at various concentrations, the viability of osteosarcoma cells was analyzed by MTT method, with assessment of invasion and motility, colony formation and apoptosis. Western Blotting was performed to determine the expression of caspase-3/9, and activity was also detected after drug treatment. Moreover, in a nude mouse model established with orthotopic xenograft tumors, tumor weight and volume were monitored after drug administration via the intraperitoneal (i.p.) route. Results: The viability of osteosarcoma cells in the combination group was significantly decreased in a concentration and time dependent manner; moreover, invasion, motility and colony formation ability were significantly suppressed and the apoptotic rate was significantly increased through caspase-3/9 expression and activity enhancement in the combination group. Furthermore, suppression of tumor growth was evident in vivo. Conclusion: Our results indicated that artesunate and allicin in combination exert synergistic effects on osteosarcoma cell proliferation and apoptosis.

Keywords

Artesunate;allicin;osteosarcoma cell line;apoptosis

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