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Role of Human papilloma virus Infection and Altered Methylation of Specific Genes in Esophageal Cancer

  • Mohiuddin, Mohammed Khaliq (Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical and Research Centre, Kamineni Hospitals) ;
  • Chava, Srinivas (Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical and Research Centre, Kamineni Hospitals) ;
  • Upendrum, Pavani (Department of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Kamineni Hospitals) ;
  • Latha, Madhavi (Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical and Research Centre, Kamineni Hospitals) ;
  • Zubeda, Syeda (Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical and Research Centre, Kamineni Hospitals) ;
  • Kumar, Ajith (Department of Gastroenterology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Ahuja, Yog Raj (Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical and Research Centre, Kamineni Hospitals) ;
  • Hasan, Qurratulain (Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical and Research Centre, Kamineni Hospitals) ;
  • Mohan, Vasavi (Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical and Research Centre, Kamineni Hospitals)
  • Published : 2013.07.30

Abstract

Background: Evaluation of Human papilloma virus (HPV) and its association with promoter methylation of candidate genes, p53 and Aurora A in esophageal cancer. Materials and Methods: One hundred forty-one esophageal tissue samples from different pathologies were evaluated for HPV infection by PCR, while the promoter methylation status of p53 and Aurora A was assessed by methylation-specific restriction based PCR assay. Statistical analyses were performed with MedCalc and MDR software. Results: Based on endoscopy and histopathology, samples were categorized: cancers (n=56), precancers (n=7), esophagitis (n=19) and normals (n=59). HPV infection was found to be less common in cancers (19.6%), whereas its prevalence was relatively high in precancers (71.4%), esophagitis (57.8%) and normals (45.7%). p53 promoter methylation did not show any significant difference between cancer and normal tissues, whereas Aurora A promoter methylation demonstrated significant association with disease (p=0.00016, OR:5.6452, 95%CI:2.18 to 14.6) when compared to normals. Aurora A methylation and HPV infection was found in a higher percentages of precancer (66.6%), esophagitis (54.5%) and normal (45.2%) when compared to cancers (14.2%). Conclusions: Aurora A promoter methylation is significantly associated with esophageal cancer, but the effect of HPV infection on this epigenetic alteration is not significant. However MDR analysis showed that the hypostatic effect of HPV was nullified when the cases had Aurora methylation and tobacco exposure. Further HPV sub-typing may give an insight into its reduced prevalence in esophageal cancer verses normal tissue. However, with the present data it is difficult to assign any significant role to HPV in the etiopathology of esophageal cancer.

Keywords

Human papilloma virus (HPV);p53;Aurora A;methylation;esophageal cancer

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