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Malignant Tumours of the Central Nervous System in Kazakhstan - Incidence Trends from 2004-2011

  • Igissinov, Nurbek (Central Asia Cancer Institute) ;
  • Akshulakov, Serik (Republican Research center of Neurosurgery) ;
  • Igissinov, Saginbek (Central Asia Cancer Institute) ;
  • Moore, Malcolm (UICC Asian Regional Office for Cancer Control) ;
  • Adilbekov, Yerzhan (Republican Research center of Neurosurgery) ;
  • Gaitova, Kamilla (Astana Medical University) ;
  • Kissaev, Yermek (Republican Research center of Neurosurgery) ;
  • Mustafina, Meruert (Astana Medical University)
  • Published : 2013.07.30

Abstract

In the article were observed the epidemiological aspects of malignant tumors of the central nervous system (MT CNS) in Kazakhstan in a retrospective study for the years 2004-2011. The material of the study was consolidated accounting data of oncology centers on patients with MT CNS (C70-72) with first time established diagnosis. Calculated were crude, age, standardized (world standard), aligned and predicted incidence of MT CNS among both male and female populations. It was found that over the studied period, there were 4,604 cases of MT CNS. The average annual crude incidence rate of MT CNS in total population was $3.7{\pm}0.1^0/_{0000}$. Trends in aligned incidence rates in the whole country had a tendency to increase (T=+0.9%). Defined levels of morbidity MT CNS in the whole population in different regions of Kazakhstan: low up to $2.87^0/_{0000}$, the average from 2.87 to $4.45^0/_{0000}$ and high from $4.45^0/_{0000}$ and above on the basis of which was given the space-time estimate. Age and sex differences in MT CNS incidence were also clearly established.

Keywords

CNS malignancies;incidence;age;gender;trends;cartograms;Kazakhstan

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