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Treatment Outcome of Palliative Chemotherapy in Inoperable Cholangiocarcinoma in Thailand

  • Butthongkomvong, Kritiya (Medical Oncology Unit, Udonthani Cancer Hospital) ;
  • Sirachainan, Ekaphop (Medical Oncology Unit, Ramathibodi Hospital) ;
  • Jhankumpha, Supattra (Medical Oncology Unit, Udonthani Cancer Hospital) ;
  • Kumdang, Surang (Medical Oncology Unit, Udonthani Cancer Hospital) ;
  • Sukhontharot, On-Usa (Cancer Registry Unit, Udonthani Cancer Hospital)
  • Published : 2013.06.30

Abstract

Background: Cholangiocarcinoma is the most common cancer in males in Thailand. The outcome is poor although systemic chemotherapy has been used in attempts to improve disease control, quality of life and prolong survival in patient with unresectable and advanced disease. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study the medical records of all patients diagnosed as having unresectable and metastatic cholangiocarcinoma and receiving systemic chemotherapy at Udonthani Cancer Hospital during January 2007 to December 2010 were reviewed. Results: Among the total of 105 patients, 21 received gemcitabine-based chemotherapy and 84 5FU-based chemotherapy. Most received platinum doublet regimens. 5FU-based regimens yielded an overall response rate (tumor control) of 23.8% and a median survival of 7.2 months while gemcitabine-based regimens yielded an overall response rate (tumor control) 19.1% and a median survival of 10.0 months. Conclusions: Tumor control and survival of patient with advanced cholangiocarcinoma treated with gemcitabine-based and 5FU-based chemotherapy do not markedly differ.

Keywords

Unresectable;inoperable;metastatic cholangiocarcinoma;chemotherapy;outcome

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