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Cancer Incidence in Jordan from 1996 to 2009 - A Comprehensive Study

  • Ismail, Said Ibrahim (Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan) ;
  • Soubani, Majd (Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan) ;
  • Nimri, Jena Monther (Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan) ;
  • Al-Zeer, Ali Hazem (Faculty of Medicine, University of Jordan)
  • Published : 2013.06.30

Abstract

Background: Cancer is a major health problem facing the entire world, and Jordan is no exception. However, patterns of cancer incidence and cancer burden in Jordan have never been explored thoroughly, and the aim of this study was to close this knowldege gap. Materials and Methods: The study was based on data obtained from the Jordan cancer registry from 1996 to 2009. All cancer cases that were diagnosed during the study period were registered and included in this study. Results: A total of 51,626 cases were registered in Jordan during the 14- year period. The incidence rate showed no significant increase in males (percent change PC 6.8%), while in females a marked increase was observed (PC 14.8%). The major cancer sites for males were bronchus and lung, colorectal, bladder, leukemia and prostate. In females, the leading cancer sites were breast, colorectal, leukemia, thyroid and NHL. Conclusions: Compared to other countries in the region, Jordan has comparable rates. On the other hand the rates of cancer are markedly lower in Jordan compared to more industrialized countries such as the US and Europe. There was an overall increase in the incidence of cancer in Jordan, especially among females, which stresses the need for programs to raise awareness on the importance of early diagnosis and preventive life style measures.

Keywords

Cancer incidence data;epidemiology trends;Jordan;leading cancer sites

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