The effect of sociality on school adjustment among middle school students from formally broken families, focusing on the mediating role of ego-resilience

한부모가정 중학생의 사회성이 학교적응에 미치는 영향 -자아탄력성의 매개 효과를 중심으로-

  • Kim, Hyeon-Mi (Division of Nursing, Simon Mental Health Hospital)
  • 김현미 (시몬정신건강병원 간호과)
  • Received : 2013.08.19
  • Accepted : 2013.09.06
  • Published : 2013.09.30


This study was designed to find out what influences sociality on school adjustment among middle school students from formally broken families, and whether ego-resilience may have a mediating effect on the relationship between sociality and school adjustment. The participants were 147 middle school students from formally broken families in D city. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 18.0. version. As a result, both sociality(r=.716) and ego-resilience(r=.706) had significant influence on school adjustment. And also their ego-resilience played a mediating role between sociality and school adjustment. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply programs for improving the students' sociality and ego-resilience that can influence school adjustment.


Broken Family;Ego-resilience;School Adjustment;Sociality


  1. "2011 Divorce.Marriage statistics", Korea National Statistical Office, 2012.
  2. S. D. Hwang, E. H. Park, "The Effect of Parental Attitude and Social Support on School Adjustment among Children from Multi-Cultural Families, Focusing on the Mediating Role of Self-Esteem", Social Science Research Review, Kyungsung University, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp.123-145, 2010.
  3. S. Y. Jo, "Social Support and School Adaptation of Adolescents from Broken-home", Unpublished master's thesis, Chosun University, 2011.
  4. Masten, A. S., "Ordinary magic: Resilience Process in Development", American psychologist, Vol. 56, pp.277-238, 2001. DOI:
  5. M. R. Song, "The Relationship Between Emotion Neglect and Children's Ego Resilience and School-related Adjustment", Unpublished master's thesis, Soonchunhyang University, 2005.
  6. Y. S. Lee, "A Study on School Stress, Self-resilience and School Adaptation of Adolescents: with Female Students at High School", Unpublished master's thesis, Ewha Womans University, 2004.
  7. Y. M. Park, "The Effects of Children from Low Income Families' Perceived Social Support on Eog-resiliency and Sociality : Focused on Community Child Center", Unpublished master's thesis, Myongji University, 2010.
  8. M. S. Jung, "The Influence of Family Structure on the Child's Personality and Social Development", Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Baekseok University, 2009.
  9. S. A. Lee, J. Y. Park, Y. H. Kim, Y. E. Chang, S. Y. Auh, "The Effects of Perceived Family Strength and Ego-resilience on the Adjustment of Children from Low-income Families to School", Journal of Korean Home Management Association, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp.305-312, 2009.
  10. Y. S. Park, "A Study on the Factors Influencing School Adjustment of Adolescents from Divorced Families", Unpublished master's thesis, Ewha Womans University, 2003.
  11. Kyu-Mee, Lee, "A Study of Middle-School Students' School Adjustment Constructs", The Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp.383-398, 2005.
  12. Baron, R. M., Kenny, D. A., "The Moderator-mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic and Statistical Consideration", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 51, pp.1173-1182. 1986. DOI:
  13. Ok-seon, Kim, "The Impacts on Elementary School Students' Satisfaction with School Life of Family Strengths Perceived by them and their Ego Resiliency", Unpublished master's thesis, Kyunghee University, 2005.
  14. S. J. Kim, "Relationships between Self-esteem, Sociality and School-related Adjustment in Elementary School Students", Unpublished master's thesis, Keimyung University, 2005.
  15. H. L. Song, "The Relationship between the Group Ostracizing and Adolescen's Ego-resiliency and School-adjustment", Unpublished master's thesis, Chosun University, 2009.
  16. S. S. Shim, J. B. Ahn, R. Y. Kim, "Influence of Leisure Experiences on Development of Sociality and Adaption of School Life of Middle School Students", The Korea Journal of Sports Science, Vol. 20, No. 5, pp.111-127, 2011.
  17. E. M. Hyun & H. Y. Park, "A Study on the Ego-Resilience and Social Adaptability of the Children and Adolescence in Institutional Care", Journal of Korean Home Management Association, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp.21-31 , 2005.