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The Impact of Oral Health Impact Profile(OHIP-14) of Subjectively Reported Oral Status in the Elderly

일부지역 노인종합복지관 노인들의 주관적 구강상태와 구강건강영향지수(OHIP-14)와의 관련성

  • 김은희 (경운대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 박민경 (경운대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 구인영 (경운대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 문선정 (경운대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 김승현 (경운대학교 경호학부)
  • Received : 2013.07.01
  • Accepted : 2013.09.06
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the relation between subjective oral hygiene status of the elderly and oral health impact profile and to present it as basic data for the improvement of quality of life and oral care. The study subjects were 231 elderly people aged 65 and over. This study measured the oral health behavior and subjective oral hygiene status based on cross analysis by calculating the median of OHIP-14 to divide the above-median group into a subgroup and the below-median group into a superordinate group. Correlation and regression analyses were performed to examine the effects on the oral health impact profile. The oral health impact profile according to oral health behaviors was not significant. The oral health impact profile based on the subjective oral hygiene states is currently affected by oral hygiene status, masticatory problems, toothache, xerostomia and halitosis. As a result of regression analysis to confirm the effect on the oral health impact profile, much experience of masticatory problems, toothache, xerostomia and gum diseases is the most influential. This shows that the subjective oral hygiene status is not healthy as the oral health impact profile is high. It is considered necessary to establish an oral health promotion program to improve the quality of life of the elderly and active oral care methods in the future.

Keywords

Oral health impact profile;Subjective oral status

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