대장내시경 수검자에서 관찰된 대장용종의 유병률 및 위험인자

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Colonic Polyps in Colonoscopy Examinees

  • 투고 : 2013.06.11
  • 심사 : 2013.09.06
  • 발행 : 2013.09.30


본 연구는 검진센터에서 대장내시경을 실시한 무증상 성인들을 중심으로 대장암의 전구병변인 대장용종의 유병률 및 위험인자를 알아보고 무증상의 건강한 성인들에게 대장암 관리를 위한 기초자료를 제공하고자 시행하였다. 2010년 1월부터 12월까지 일개 대학병원 검진센터에서 대장내시경검사를 받은 995명을 대상으로 자기기입식 설문지, 의료기록지, 임상검사 결과지들을 이용하여 후향적으로 시행하였으며, 자료의 분석은 SPSS18.0을 이용하였다. 무증상 성인들의 대장용종 유병률은 남성에서 높았고, 연령대가 높을수록 증가하였다. 남성, 고령, 운동을 하지 않은 경우 독립적인 위험인자로서 대장용종과 밀접한 관련이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 40대 이상 성인에서는 대장내시경 검사를 통한 대장용종의 조기 발견이 중요하며, 대장암 전구병변인 대장용종의 일차 예방을 위한 지속적인 생활습관 교정 및 운동프로그램 개발이 필요하다.


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