DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effect of Participation Motivation on Exercise Emotion and Psychological Well-being of Marathon Participants

마라톤 참여자의 참여동기가 운동정서 및 심리적 행복감에 미치는 영향

  • Nam, In-Soo (Department of Physical Education, Daegu University)
  • Received : 2013.08.22
  • Accepted : 2013.09.06
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of participation motivation on exercise emotion and psychological well-being of marathon participants. The subjects of this study consisted of 241 marathon participants. The result of this study were as follows. First, the subscales of participation motivation, enjoyment, achievement and excitement positively influenced to fun, vigor, pride, achievement, catharsis. And skill development positively influenced to vigor, pride, achievement, catharsis. And external display positively influenced to vigor but, affiliation negatively influenced to vigor, achievement, and catharsis. And amotivation negatively influenced to fun, vigor, pride, catharsis. Second, the subscales of participation motivation, skill development and enjoyment positively influenced to feeling of flow, feeling of competence, feeling of self-realization, hedonic enjoyment. achievement and excitement positively influenced to feeling of flow and hedonic enjoyment, external display positively influenced to feeling to flow. And amotivation negatively influenced to feeling of self-realization and hedonic enjoyment. Third, the subscales of exercise emotion, pride positively influenced to feeling of flow, feeling of competence, feeling of self-realization, hedonic enjoyment. And vigor positively influenced to feeling of flow and hedonic enjoyment. And fun positively influenced to feeling of competence and feeling of self-realization. And achievement positively influenced to hedonic enjoyment.

Keywords

Exercise emotion;Marathon participants;Participation motivation;Psychological well-being

References

  1. T. J., Park, & M. H., Yang, "An analysis of relationships between participation motivation, participation satisfaction and re-participation intention of recreational marathon runners", The Korean Society for the Study of Physical Education, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 171-186, 2004.
  2. Y. G., Jung, "An exploratory factor analysis of sport participation motivation", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 113-132, 1998.
  3. M. H., Yang, "Development and validation of the leisure sport motivation scale(LSMS) based on self-determination theory", The Korean Society for the Study of Physical Education, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 107-132, 2004.
  4. Vallerand, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., Blais, M. R., Briere, N. M., Senecal, C. & Vallieres, E. F., "The academic motivation scale: A measure of intrinsic, extrinsic, and amotivation in education", Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 52, No. 4, pp. 1003-1017, 1992. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013164492052004025 https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164492052004025
  5. Y. G., Jung, & S. G., Oh, "Why people running?: An exploratory factor analysis of participation motivation in recreational running", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 69-89, 2003.
  6. Clough, P. J., Shepherd, J., & Maughan, R., "Motives for participation in recreational running", Journal of Leisure Research, Vol. 21 No. 4, 297-309, 1989. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222216.1989.11969806
  7. M. H., Yang, "Motives for participating in leisure sport windsurfing", The Korean Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 39, No.2, pp. 805-819, 2000.
  8. S. W., Jung, & J. S., Park, "The effects of exercise levels and reward on the intrinsic motivation by amateur marathoners", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 59-73, 2007. https://doi.org/10.24985/kjss.2007.18.1.59
  9. H. R., Song, "An influence of participation rate and motivation of marathon on the leisure satisfaction masters", Journal of Leisure and Recreation Studies, Vol. 31, No. 3, 247-258, pp. 2007.
  10. H. R., Song, "The causal relationship between participant motivation and flow experience, participant satisfaction, life satisfaction of members in females' marathon association in relation to the marathon as leisure activities", Journal of Leisure and Recreation Studies, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 219-230, 2009.
  11. K. C., Lee, C. K., Ahn, & K. H., Choi, "The study of relationship between marathon participation motivation and the self-esteem by marathon participants", Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol. 21, pp. 715-726, 2004.
  12. M. H., Yang, & D. J., Kim, "The relationship between basic need, motivation, psychological well-being and behavioral intention of recreational runners", The Korean Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 251-262, 2006.
  13. S. B., Choi, "The casual relations among participation motivation, sports commitment, and leisure satisfaction by marathon participants", Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol. 37, pp. 1445-1455, 2009.
  14. D. W., Koo, K. M., Lee, & J. Kim, "The effect of swimming participant's passion and emotion on self management and exercise adherence", The Korean Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 52, No. 1, pp. 805-819, 2013.
  15. J. Yoo, & J. O., Kim, "Development and validation of korean exercise-emotion scale(KEES)", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 103-117, 2002.
  16. Rejeski, W. J., Brawley, L. R., & Shumaker, S. A., "Physical activity and health-related quality of life", Exercise & Sport Science Reviews, Vol. 24 No. 1, pp. 71-108, 1996.
  17. B. R., Kim, Y. J., Choi, & H. H., Hwang, "The effect of adult female' motivation for participation in line dance on leisure satisfaction and exercise emotions", Journal of Leisure and Recreation Studies, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 41-53, 2011.
  18. Y. S., Yook, "Analysis on the emotion change by the participation motivation level in ski class for women's university students", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 18, No. 3, 37-47, 2007.
  19. H. M., Lim, & J. Y., Huh, "Relationship among sensation seeking, exercise emotion, behavioral activation/behavioral inhibition and exercise adherence in participants of sports for all", Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol. 37, pp. 1001-1012, 2009.
  20. M. H., Yang, "Physical activity and psychological well-being: Development of cognitive-affective states scale", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 113-124, 1998.
  21. M. H., Yang, "The effects of loyalty to sport activity on psychological well-being components in teachers", The Korean Society for the Study of Physical Education, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 182-200, 2000.
  22. D. U., Kim, & Y. K., Kim, "Relationship between participation level and participation motivation and happiness among scuba-diving participants", Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol. 48, pp. 581-591, 2012.
  23. J. H., Nam, "The structural relationship among sport loyalty, exercise emotion and psychological well-being of the participants in cycle activities", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 21 No. 4, pp. 167-182, 2010.
  24. K. S., Han, & J. P., Kim, "Impact of self-esteem of the elderly who participate in sport for all on their psychological happiness and life satisfaction", Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol. 41, pp. 521-531, 2010.
  25. S. D., Han, & S. D., Lee, "Influence of climbing mountain by old age as leisure activity on psychological well-being and participation adherence", Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol. 40, 369-381, 2010.
  26. C. R., Choi, "The relationship among participation motives, satisfaction and loyalty based on the degree of participation and general characteristic of marathon participants", The Korean Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 567-576, 2007.
  27. Pelletier, L. G., Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Tuson, K. M., Briere, N. M., & Blais, M. R., "Toward a new measure of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation in sports: The sport motivation scales(SMS)", Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Vol. 17, pp. 35-53, 1995. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.17.1.35
  28. J. H., Lee, J. J., Eom, & J. D., Sul, "Motivation according to participation of golf class, relationships between exercising emotion and attitude", Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol. 46, 27-36, 2011.
  29. Y. G., Jung, "Verification on the participation behvaior model of participants in leisure sport and exercise", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 195-214, 2008.
  30. G. J., Jang, & S. S., Kim, "The relationship between intrinsic motivation and exercise emotion in physical education of middle.high school", The Korean Journal of Physical Education, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 159-169, 2008.
  31. E. J., Lee, "Sport participation motive and sensation seeking behavior affect self-esteem and psychological well-being", Unpublished masters thesis, Chonnam National University, 2002.
  32. Y. A., Im, & K. J., Lee, "The relationship among life style, participation motive and psychological happiness of yoga participants", Journal of Sport and Leisure Studies, Vol. 42, pp. 1231-1238, 2010.
  33. S. W., Kim, J. G., Kim, S. T., Chung, & A. S., Lee, "Confirmatory factor analysis of paces for korean participants", Korean Journal of Sport Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 39-48, 2002.
  34. McAuley, E., & Courneya, K. S.. "The subjective exercise experience scale(SEES): development and preliminary validation", Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Vol. 16, pp. 163-177, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.16.2.163
  35. D. H., Lee, "The relationship between mass-marathon runners' participation motivation and cognitive-affective experience", Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Sungkyunkwan university, 2004.
  36. K. O., Lee, "The relationship among passion, self-esteem, affect and subjective happiness in the elderly participated in leisure programs", Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Daegu Haany University, 2011.
  37. K. S., Kim, "The influence of participants satisfaction of leisure sports on exercise immersion and life satisfaction", Unpublished masters thesis, Kyungwon University, 2011.
  38. J. H., Kim, "Influence of sports participant and change of body image on emotion and psychological well-being of women", Unpublished masters thesis, Hanshin University, 2009.