# 건축용 외장재와 접착제 연소가스의 독성분석에 관한 연구

• Kim, Won-Jong (Department of Fire and Emergency Management, Kangwon National University) ;
• Park, Young-Ju (Department of Fire and Emergency Management, Kangwon National University) ;
• Lee, Hae-Pyeong (Department of Fire and Emergency Management, Kangwon National University) ;
• Lim, Suk-Hwan (Fire Science Research Center, Seoul Metropolitan Fire Service Academy) ;
• Kim, Jung-In (Fire Science Research Center, Seoul Metropolitan Fire Service Academy)
• 김원종 (강원대학교 소방방재학부) ;
• 박영주 (강원대학교 소방방재학부) ;
• 이해평 (강원대학교 소방방재학부) ;
• 임석환 (서울소방학교 소방과학연구센터) ;
• 김정인 (서울소방학교 소방과학연구센터)
• Accepted : 2013.07.18
• Published : 2013.08.31

#### Abstract

This study was carried out, using toxicity test apparatus, to analyze toxic gases of heat insulation material and adhesives of composite panels used for the architectural surface material when a fire occurs. The findings of this study show that CO, $CO_2$, HCOH, $CH_2CHCN$ and $NO_x$ were detected from styrofoam, reinforced styrofoam, polyurethane foam and glass fiber, but in the case of the polyurethane foam, HCl and HCN were detected as well. All the architectural adhesives released CO, $CO_2$ and $NO_x$, but HCHO was only detected from the adhesives for styrofoam, wood, tile, windows and doors; $CH_2CHCN$ was only from those for wood and stone; $C_6H_5OH$ was only from those for wood. The toxicity index was also measured for architectural surface material and adhesives. Polyurethane foam showed the highest index, 11.7, and glass fiber was followed as 6.8. Reinforced styrofoam showed 5.7 and styrofoam revealed the least 4.9. In the case of architectural adhesives, the highest ranking was those for stone 7.4, windows and doors 6.1, wood 5.3, tile 3.8, and styrofoam 3.7 were followed, respectively.

#### Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

#### References

1. S. H. Min and J. E. Yun, "A study on the Modeling Vertical Spread Fire of Exterior Panel by Fire Dynamic Simulation (FDS)", Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 77-85, 2009.
2. S. H. Min and J. M. Lee, "A Study on Concurrent Fire Appearance though Openings", Journal of Korea Institute of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 90-96, 2012. https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.2.090
3. National Emergency Management, "statistical data 2011, pp. 1-3, 2012.
4. S. H. Min, Y. J. Jang, J. C. Sa, J. M. Lee, J. E. Yun, M. S. Kim and Y. H. Kim, "A survey about Installation Trend for Exterior In Domestic", Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference, pp. 11-14, 2012.
5. NFPA 285, "Standard Fire Test Method for Evaluation of Fire Propagation Characteristics of Exterior Non-Load-Bearing Wall Assemblies Containing Combustible Componests 2006 Edition", pp. 5-8, 2006.
6. S. H. Min, M. S. Kim, Y. J. Jang, J. C. Sa, Y. J. Bae and J. M. Lee, "A Study on the Development of a Head for Prevent the Fire Spread of Exterior", Journal of Korea Institute of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 113-119, 2010. https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.1.113
7. J. Batchelor, "Use of Fiber Reinforced Composites in Modern Railway Vehicles", Materials in Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 172-182, 1981.
8. Korea Fire-rating Building Material Association, "Exterior Wall Finishing Material Survey Research", pp. 1-3, 2011.
9. Korea Fire-rating Building Material Association, "A Study on the Fire safety and Reformation of Sandwich Panel", pp. 44-45, 2011.
10. D. H. Kim and S. Y. Park, "A Basic Study on Required Performance and Development Direction of Fire Resistance Wall on High-rise Building", Journal of Korea Institute of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 1-7, 2011.
11. O. S. Kweon, Y. H. Yoo, H. Y. Kim, J. H. Kim and S. H. Min, "The Real Scale Fire Tests for Vertical Fire Spread Study of External Finishing Material", Journal of Korea of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 6, pp. 85-91, 2012. https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.6.085
12. O. S. Kweon, Y. H. Yoo, H. Y. Kim and S. H. Min, "An Experimental Study on fire Safety Performance of Glass Wool Sandwich Panel", Journal of Korea of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 21-27, 2012. https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.5.021
13. J. B. Kwon, N. W. Lee and S. D. Seul, "A Consideration on Thermal Stability of the PVAc Latex Adhesive", Journal of the Korean Society of Safety, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 81-87, 2003.
14. C. K. Choi and S. H. Min, "A Study on the Large Experiments(ISO 13785-2) for Vertical Fire Behavior Analysis of Aluminum Composite Panels in General and Flame-retardant Material", Journal of Korea Institute of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 6, pp. 92-98, 2012. https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2012.26.6.092
15. N. W. Cho, J. C. Lee and D. H. Rie, "A Comparative Study on Toxic Gas Index and Stop Time of Mouse Activity", Journal of Korea Institute of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 35-40, 2011.

#### Cited by

1. Hazard Assessment of Combustion Gases from Interior Materials vol.29, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2015.29.4.049
2. A Study on the Human Toxicity of Combustion Products for Non Class 1E Cables vol.18, pp.2, 2018, https://doi.org/10.9798/KOSHAM.2018.18.2.215