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A Study on the Toxicity Analysis of Combustion Gases of Architectural Surface Materials and Architectural Adhesives

건축용 외장재와 접착제 연소가스의 독성분석에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Won-Jong (Department of Fire and Emergency Management, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Park, Young-Ju (Department of Fire and Emergency Management, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Hae-Pyeong (Department of Fire and Emergency Management, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lim, Suk-Hwan (Fire Science Research Center, Seoul Metropolitan Fire Service Academy) ;
  • Kim, Jung-In (Fire Science Research Center, Seoul Metropolitan Fire Service Academy)
  • 김원종 (강원대학교 소방방재학부) ;
  • 박영주 (강원대학교 소방방재학부) ;
  • 이해평 (강원대학교 소방방재학부) ;
  • 임석환 (서울소방학교 소방과학연구센터) ;
  • 김정인 (서울소방학교 소방과학연구센터)
  • Received : 2013.01.21
  • Accepted : 2013.07.18
  • Published : 2013.08.31

Abstract

This study was carried out, using toxicity test apparatus, to analyze toxic gases of heat insulation material and adhesives of composite panels used for the architectural surface material when a fire occurs. The findings of this study show that CO, $CO_2$, HCOH, $CH_2CHCN$ and $NO_x$ were detected from styrofoam, reinforced styrofoam, polyurethane foam and glass fiber, but in the case of the polyurethane foam, HCl and HCN were detected as well. All the architectural adhesives released CO, $CO_2$ and $NO_x$, but HCHO was only detected from the adhesives for styrofoam, wood, tile, windows and doors; $CH_2CHCN$ was only from those for wood and stone; $C_6H_5OH$ was only from those for wood. The toxicity index was also measured for architectural surface material and adhesives. Polyurethane foam showed the highest index, 11.7, and glass fiber was followed as 6.8. Reinforced styrofoam showed 5.7 and styrofoam revealed the least 4.9. In the case of architectural adhesives, the highest ranking was those for stone 7.4, windows and doors 6.1, wood 5.3, tile 3.8, and styrofoam 3.7 were followed, respectively.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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