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Characteristics of Nutrient Intake According to Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Elderly - Using Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010 -

노인의 대사증후군 유병에 따른 영양소 섭취 특성 - 국민건강영양조사 제5기 1차년도(2010) 자료를 이용하여 -

  • 김미현 (경일대학교 식품과학부)
  • Received : 2013.07.24
  • Accepted : 2013.09.09
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the characteristics of nutrient intake according to metabolic syndrome in Korean elderly. Data on 1,200 elderly (men 545, women 655) over 65 years was obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010. The subjects were divided into metabolic syndrome (MetS) and normal groups based on NCEP-ATP III guidelines and by applying the Asia-Pacific definition with waist circumference. The prevalence of MetS was 48.9% in all subjects, 35.6% in men and 58.9% in women, respectively. All nutrient intake was significantly lower in MetS than normal subjects, except iron, vitamin A, carotene, and retinol. In the carbohydrate: protein: fat (C:P:F) ratio, MetS showed a higher rate for carbohydrate, but a lower rate for protein and fat than normal. MetS was lower in calcium, vitamin B1, and vitamin C by the nutrient adequacy ratio than normal. Mean adequacy ratio of MetS (0.69) was lower than that of the normal group (0.72). These results demonstrated that undernutrition, not excess intake of specific nutrients - energy, fat, or cholesterol was associated with the risk for MetS in Korean elderly with MetS. Therefore, it is recommended to have a healthy dietary pattern with diverse nutrients for the prevention of MetS.

Keywords

metabolic syndrome;Korean elderly;nutrient intake;health survey

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 경일대학교

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