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Investigation of Factors Contributing to Childhood Soft-Tissue Injuries in the Face

소아의 안면 연부조직 손상에 관한 연구

  • Sim, Mi-Jung (Dept. of Nursing, Gwangju Health University) ;
  • Sohn, In-A (Dept. of Emergency Medical Technology, Gachon University)
  • 심미정 (광주보건대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 손인아 (가천대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2012.12.10
  • Accepted : 2013.08.20
  • Published : 2013.08.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the contributing factors in facial soft tissue injuries among children. A record-based analysis was carried out on 126 patients with facial lacerations who visited I hospital in the dept of plastic surgery from April 2010 to May 2011. Through all age group showed a significant difference in incidence rate for male and female.(p<.05). Overall, 49% of injuries occurred outdoors and the most frequent cause of injury was slip-down (42%), followed by being struck (40%). In general, the frequency of injuries peaked summer(30.2%) and increased between 12pm and 4pm. 105 patients (83.3%) arrived at the emergency room within an hour. The forehead(26%) was the most commonly injured area. The depth of soft tissue injuries was mostly subcutaneous(54%), and 1~2cm was the length of injury with the highest incidence(46%). Most children (40%) needed local anesthesia and only 4 children (1.53%) suffered associated fractures. Facial injuries require special attention because of their potential threat in inducing permanent scar or disfigurement. For the safety of children, the preventive measures to reduce facial soft tissue injuries must be improved.

Keywords

Childhood;Soft tissue;injury;Factors

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 가천대학교