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The Effect of Organizational Culture Types on Organizational Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Small and Medium Hospitals

중소병원의 조직문화가 조직몰입과 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향

  • Chun, Jin-Ho (Dept. of Preventive Medicine, University of Inje College of Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Hwa (Dept. of Dental Laboratory Technology, Gimcheon University) ;
  • Yoo, Jin-Yeong (Dept. of Health Administration, SuSeong College)
  • 전진호 (인제대학교 의과대학 예방의학과) ;
  • 이종화 (김천대학교 치기공학과) ;
  • 유진영 (수성대학교 보건행정과)
  • Received : 2013.05.21
  • Accepted : 2013.07.20
  • Published : 2013.07.28

Abstract

To propose the way for improving organizational management of small and medium hospitals through analyzing the effect of organizational culture types on organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. A survey was held to the employees of 4 hospitals that could accomodate less than 100 patients located in Daegu and Gyeongbuk for 4 weeks starting November 20, 2012. As result of factor analysis, the organizational culture divided to the four types: adventurous, hierarchical, productive, friendly types. The adventurous and friendly types revealed the positive effect on organizational commitment, and the productive and friendly types revealed it on organizational citizenship behavior. Instead, hierarchical type revealed no effects on the both. Therefore, to improve organizational management in small and medium hospitals, the strengthened efforts to build up friendship and supportive environments for reasonable decision making.

Keywords

Organizational culture;Organizational commitment;Organizational citizenship behavior;Small and medium hospital