Technological Innovation Orientation: Conceptualization, Measurement, and Its Relationship to Performance

기술혁신지향성: 개념화, 측정 및 성과와의 관계

  • 문창호 (충남대학교 경영대학원)
  • Received : 2013.06.03
  • Accepted : 2013.08.19
  • Published : 2013.09.30

Abstract

Despite its theoretically and practically important value, the concept of technological innovation orientation has not been theoretically well established and thus has not been operationalized appropriately in previous studies. Given such a gap in prior research regarding technological innovation orientation, this study proposed a refined conceptualization of technological innovation orientation and a new measurement instrument for capturing the refined concept of technological innovation orientation. More specifically, this study conceptualized technological innovation orientation as having two components of proclivity to technological leadership and openness to technological innovation and developed a measurement instrument for operationalizing the two-dimensional concept of technological innovation orientation. Based on the proposed conceptualization and operationalization of technological innovation orientation, this study also investigated the relationship between technological innovation orientation and firm performance. Based on a sample of 97 Korean IT SMEs, the results demonstrated a high reliability and validity for the measurement instrument developed to operationalize the two-dimensional technological innovation orientation. The results further revealed that technological innovation orientation is positively related to technological innovation performance and that technological innovation performance positively mediates the relationship between technological innovation orientation and financial performance.