DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Observations on some mangrove-associated algae from the western Pacific (Guam, Chuuk, Kosrae, and Pohnpei)

  • Received : 2013.06.09
  • Accepted : 2013.08.09
  • Published : 2013.09.15

Abstract

The mangrove algal flora of Guam and the Federated States of Micronesia has been poorly explored. We add to our knowledge of this region by observations of collections from these regions. This paper presents new and additional records of: Rhodophyta-Acrochaetium globosum, Colaconema sp., Caulacanthus indicus, Bostrychia moritziana / B. radicans, B. radicosa, B. simpliciuscula, B. kelanensis and B. tenella, Murrayella periclados, and Caloglossa ogasawaraensis; Chlorophyta-Boodleopsis carolinensis; and Phaeophyceae-Dictyota adnata, Dictyotopsis propagulifera, and Canistrocarpus cervicornis. Most specimens were cultured to investigate their reproductive biology and many specimens were further identified using molecular data. Low molecular weight carbohydrates (dulcitol, sorbitol, and digeneaside) were identified in samples of B. radicosa and B. simpliciuscula. We also present data on manganese-rich deposits found on B. simpliciuscula and B. tenella in culture, possibly formed by epiphytic bacteria.

References

  1. Abbott, I. A. 1999. Marine red algae of the Hawaiian Islands. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, HI, 477 pp.
  2. Adams, N. M. 1994. Seaweeds of New Zealand: an illustrated guide. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, 360 pp.
  3. Borgesen, F. 1915. The marine algae of the Danish West Indies. Part 3. Rhodophyceae (1). Dansk. Bot. Arkiv. 3:1-80.
  4. De Clerck, O., Leliaert, F., Verbruggen, H., Lane, C. E., De Paula, J. C., Payo, D. A. & Coppejans, E. 2006. A revised classification of the Dictyoteae (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) based on rbcL and 26S ribosomal DNA sequence data analyses. J. Phycol. 42:1271-1288. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2006.00279.x
  5. Dunlap, J. R., Walne, P. L. & Preisig, H. R. 1987. Manganese mineralization in chrysophycean loricas. Phycologia 26:394-396. https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-26-3-394.1
  6. Garrigue, C. & Tsuda, R. T. 1988. Catalog of marine benthic algae from New Caledonia. Micronesica 21:53-70.
  7. Geszvain, K., Butterfield, C., Davis, R. E., Madison, A. S., Lee, S. -W., Parker, D. L., Soldatova, A., Spiro, T. G., Luther, G. W. & Tebo, B. M. 2012. The molecular biogeochemistry of manganese (II) oxidation. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 40:1244-1248. https://doi.org/10.1042/BST20120229
  8. Goff, L. J. & Moon, D. A. 1993. PCR amplification of nuclear and plastid genes from algal herbarium specimens and algal spores. J. Phycol. 29:381- 384. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3646.1993.00381.x
  9. Guiry, M. D. & Guiry, G. M. 2013. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. Available from: http://www.algaebase.org. Accessed May 28, 2013.
  10. Heinrich, K. F. 1981. Electron beam x-ray microanalysis. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York, NY, 588 pp.
  11. Hodgson, L. M. & McDermid, K. J. 2000. Marine plants of Pohnpei and Ant Atoll: Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta and Magnoliophyta. Micronesica 32:289-307.
  12. Itono, H. 1985. Rhodolachne radicosa, a new species of red alga (Rhodomelaceae, Ceramiales) from Fiji and southern parts of Japan. Kagoshima Univ. Res. Center S. Pac. Occas. Pap. 5:53-64.
  13. Kamiya, M., West, J. A. & Hara, Y. 1994. Reproductive structures of Bostrychia simpliciuscula (Ceramiales, Rhodophyceae) in the field and culture. Jpn. J. Phycol. 42:165-174.
  14. Kamiya, M., West, J. A. & Hara, Y. 2011. Induction of apomixis by outcrossing between genetically divergent entities of Caloglossa leprieurii (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) and evidence of hybrid apomicts in nature. J. Phycol. 47:753-762. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2011.01016.x
  15. Kamiya, M., Zuccarello, G. C. & West, J. A. 2003. Evolutionary relationships of the genus Caloglossa (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) inferred from large-subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences, morphological evidence and reproductive compatibility, with description of a new species from Guatemala. Phycologia 42:478-497. https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-42-5-478.1
  16. Kamiya, M., Zuccarello, G. C. & West, J. A. 2004. Phylogeography of Caloglossa leprieurii and related species (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) based on the rbcL gene sequences. Jpn. J. Phycol. 52(Suppl):147-151.
  17. Karsten, U., Bock, C. & West, J. A. 1995. $^{13}C$-NMR spectroscopy as a tool to study organic osmolytes in the mangrove red algal genera Bostrychia and Stictosiphonia (Ceramiales). Phycol. Res. 43:241-247. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1835.1995.tb00030.x
  18. Karsten, U., Michalik, D., Michalik, M. & West, J. A. 2005. A new unusual low molecular weight carbohydrate in the red algal genus Hypoglossum (Delesseriaceae, Ceramiales) and its possible function as an osmolyte. Planta 222:319-326. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-005-1527-3
  19. Karsten, U., Thomas, D. N., Weykam, G., Daniel, C. & Kirst, G. O. 1991. A simple and rapid method for extraction and separation of low molecular weight carbohydrates from macroalgae using high-performance liquid chromatography. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 29:373-378.
  20. Karsten, U., West, J. A. & Ganesan, E. K. 1993. Comparative physiological ecology of Bostrychia moritziana (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) from freshwater and marine habitats. Phycologia 32:401-409. https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-32-6-401.1
  21. Karsten, U., West, J. A. & Zuccarello, G. 1992. Polyol content of Bostrychia and Stictosiphonia (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) from field and culture. Bot. Mar. 35:11-19.
  22. Karsten, U., West, J. A., Zuccarello, G. & Kirst, G. O. 1994. Physiological ecotypes in the marine alga Bostrychia radicans (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) from the east coast of the U.S.A. J. Phycol. 30:174-182. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3646.1994.00174.x
  23. King, R. J. 1990. Macroalgae associated with the mangrove vegetation of Papua New Guinea. Bot. Mar. 33:55-62.
  24. King, R. J. & Puttock, C. F. 1989. Morphology and taxonomy of Bostrychia and Stictosiphonia (Rhodomelaceae/Rhodophyta). Aust. Syst. Bot. 2:1-73. https://doi.org/10.1071/SB9890001
  25. King, R. J. & Puttock, C. F. 1994. Morphology and taxonomy of Caloglossa (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta). Aust. Syst. Bot. 7:89-124. https://doi.org/10.1071/SB9940089
  26. Kremer, B. P. 1976. Distribution of alditols in the genus Bostrychia. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 4:139-141. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-1978(76)90027-2
  27. Lobban, C. S. & N'Yeurt, A. D. R. 2006. Provisional keys to the genera of seaweeds of Micronesia, with new records for Guam and Yap. Micronesica 39:73-105.
  28. Lobban, C. S. & Tsuda, R. T. 2003. Revised checklist of benthic marine macroalgae and seagrasses of Guam and Micronesia. Micronesica 35/36:54-99.
  29. McDermid, K. J., Hodgson, L. M. & Abbott, I. A. 2002. Marine plants of Pohnpei and Ant Atoll: Rhodophyta, with biogeographic comparisons to other Pacific atolls and island groups. Micronesica 34:113-140.
  30. Millar, A. J. K. & Prud'homme van Reine, W. F. 2005. Marine benthic macroalgae collected by Vieillard from New Caledonia and described as new species by Kutzing. Phycologia 44:536-549. https://doi.org/10.2216/0031-8884(2005)44[536:MBMCBV]2.0.CO;2
  31. Moss, M. O. & Gibbs, G. 1979. A comparison of the levels of manganese and iron in the tests of Trachelomonas Ehrenb. in Surrey rivers. Br. Phycol. J. 14:255-262. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071617900650291
  32. Payri, C. E., N'Yeurt, A. D. R. & Orempuller, J. 2000. Algues de Polynesie francaise [Algae of French Polynesia]. Au Vent des Iles Editions, Tahiti, 320 pp.
  33. Pedroche, F. F., West, J. A., Zuccarello, G. C., Senties, A. G. & Karsten, U. 1995. Marine red algae of the mangroves in south Pacific Mexico and Pacific Guatemala. Bot. Mar.38:111-119.
  34. Silva, P. C., Menez, E. G. & Moe, R. L. 1987. Catalog of the benthic marine algae of the Philippines. Smithson. Contrib. Mar. Sci. 27:1-179. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.1943667X.27.1
  35. Skelton, P. A. & South, G. R. 2002. Mangrove-associated algae from Samoa, South Pacific. Available from: http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/constancea/83/skelton_south/skelton_south.html. Accessed May 28, 2013.
  36. Skelton, P. A. & South, G. R. 2004. New records and notes on marine benthic algae of American Samoa: Chlorophyta and Phaeophyta. Cryptogam. Algol. 25:291-312.
  37. Skelton, P. A. & South, G. R. 2007. The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beih. 132:1-350.
  38. South, G. R. & Skelton, P. A. 2003. Catalogue of the marine benthic macroalgae of the Fiji Islands, South Pacific. Aust. Syst. Bot. 16:699-758. https://doi.org/10.1071/SB03011
  39. Spiro, T. G, Bargar, J. R., Sposito, G. & Tebo, B. M. 2010. Bacteriogenic manganese oxides. Acc. Chem. Res. 43:2-9. https://doi.org/10.1021/ar800232a
  40. Trono, G. C. Jr. 1971. Some new species of marine benthic algae from the Caroline Islands, western-central Pacific. Micronesica 7:45-77.
  41. Tsuda, R. T. 2003. Checklist and bibliography of the marine benthic algae from the Mariana Islands (Guam and CNMI). Tech. Rep. Univ. Guam Mar. Lab. 107:1-49.
  42. Tsuda, R. T. 2006. Checklist and bibliography of the marine benthic algae within Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae States, Federated States of Micronesia. Bishop Museum Technical Report No. 34. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, HI, 43 pp.
  43. Tsuda, R. T., Vroom, P. S. & Page-Albins, K. N. 2012. New marine algal records from the Polynesia-Micronesia region of the Pacific Ocean. Mar. Biodivers. Rec. 5:e18. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1755267212000024
  44. Weber-van Bosse, A. 1921. Liste des algues du Siboga. II. Rhodophyceae. Premiere partie. Protoflorideae, Nemalionales, Cryptonemiales. Siboga Exped. Monogr. 59b:187-310.
  45. West, J. A. 1992. New algal records from the Singapore mangroves. Singapore Gardens' Bull. 43:19-21.
  46. West, J. A. 2005. Long term macroalgal culture maintenance. Chapter 11. In Andersen, R. A. (Ed.) Algal Culturing Techniques. Academic Press, New York, NY, pp. 157-163.
  47. West, J. A., Loiseaux de Goer, S. & Zuccarello, G. C. 2013. Monosiphonous growth and cell-death in an unusual Bostrychia (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta): B. anomala sp. nov. Algae 28:161-171. https://doi.org/10.4490/algae.2013.28.2.161
  48. West, J. A. & Zuccarello, G. C. 1999. Biogeography of sexual and asexual reproduction in Bostrychia moritziana (Rhodomelacaeae, Rhodophyta). Phycol. Res. 47:115-123. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1835.1999.tb00292.x
  49. West, J. A., Zuccarello, G. & Calumpong, H. P. 1992. Bostrychia bispora sp nov. (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta), an apomictic species from Darwin, Australia: reproduction and development in culture. Phycologia 31:37-52. https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-31-1-37.1
  50. West, J. A., Zuccarello, G. C., Hommersand, M., Karsten, U. & Gors, S. 2006. Observations on Bostrychia radicosa comb. nov. (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycol. Res. 54:1-14. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1835.2006.00403.x
  51. West, J., Zuccarello, G. & Kelly, P. 2010. Manganese and iron oxidizing bacteria on marine macroalgae in laboratory culture. 20th International Seaweed Symposium Program. Abstract p. 106. Available from: http://www.botany.unimelb.edu.au/West. Accessed May 28, 2013.
  52. West, J. A., Zuccarello, G. C., West, K. A. & Loiseaux de Goer, S. 2008. New records of algae from Efate, Vanuatu. Cryptogam. Algol. 29:235-254.
  53. Womersley, H. B. S. & Bailey, A. 1970. Marine algae of the Solomon Islands. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 259:257-352. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1970.0060
  54. Wujek, D. E. 2012. Biomineralization on the stalk of the eustigmatophyte Pseudocharaciopsis (Eustigmatophyceae). Algae 27:135-137. https://doi.org/10.4490/algae.2012.27.2.135
  55. Yoshida, T. 1998. Marine algae of Japan. Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 1222 pp.
  56. Zuccarello, G. C., Buchanan, J., West, J. A. & Pedroche, F. F. 2011. Genetic diversity of the mangrove-associated alga Bostrychia radicans/Bostrychia moritziana (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) from southern Central America. Phycol. Res. 58:98-104.
  57. Zuccarello, G. C., Kamiya, M., Ootsuki, R., Loiseaux de Goer, S., Pedroche, F. F. & West, J. A. 2012. New records of red algae from mangroves in El Salvador and Pacific Mexico, combining culture and molecular observations. Bot. Mar. 55:101-111.
  58. Zuccarello, G. C., Sandercock, B. & West, J. A. 2002. Diversity within red algal species: variation in world-wide samples of Spyridia filamentosa (Ceramiaceae) and Murrayella periclados (Rhodomelaceae) using DNA markers and breeding studies. Eur. J. Phycol. 37:403-417. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0967026202003827
  59. Zuccarello, G. C. & West, J. A. 1995. Hybridization studies in Bostrychia. I: B. radicans (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) from Pacific and Atlantic North America. Phycol. Res. 43:233-240. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1835.1995.tb00029.x
  60. Zuccarello, G. C. & West, J. A. 1997. Hybridization studies in Bostrychia: 2. correlation of crossing data and plastid DNA sequence data within B. radicans and B. moritziana (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36:293-304. https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-36-4-293.1
  61. Zuccarello, G. C. & West J. A. 2003. Multiple cryptic species: molecular diversity and reproductive isolation in the Bostrychia radicans/B. moritziana complex (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) with focus on North American isolates. J. Phycol. 39:948-959. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1529-8817.2003.02171.x
  62. Zuccarello, G. C. & West, J. A. 2006. Molecular phylogeny of the subfamily Bostrychioideae (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta): subsuming Stictosiphonia and highlighting polyphyly in species of Bostrychia. Phycologia 45:24-36. https://doi.org/10.2216/05-07.1
  63. Zuccarello, G. C. & West, J. A. 2011. Insights into the evolution and speciation in the red alga Bostrychia: 15 years of research. Algae 26:21-32. https://doi.org/10.4490/algae.2011.26.1.021
  64. Zuccarello, G. C., West, J. A., Karsten, U. & King, R. J. 1999a. Molecular relationships within Bostrychia tenuissima (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycol. Res. 47:81-85. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1835.1999.tb00287.x
  65. Zuccarello, G. C., West, J. A. & King, R. J. 1999b. Evolutionary divergence in the Bostrychia moritziana/B. radicans complex (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta): molecular and hybridization data. Phycologia 38:234-244. https://doi.org/10.2216/i0031-8884-38-3-234.1
  66. Zuccarello, G. C., West, J. A. & Loiseaux de Goer, S. 2006. Diversity of the Bostrychia radicans/Bostrychia moritziana species complex (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta) in the mangroves of New Caledonia. Cryptogam. Algol. 27:245-254.

Cited by

  1. A new species of Bangiopsis: B. franklynottii sp. nov. (Stylonematophyceae, Rhodophyta) from Australia and India and comments on the genus vol.29, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.4490/algae.2014.29.2.101
  2. Cryptic diversity in the euryhaline red algaCaloglossa ogasawaraensis(Delesseriaceae, Ceramiales) vol.53, pp.4, 2014, https://doi.org/10.2216/13-242.1