Effects of Sheng Hua Tang on Uterine Involution and Ovarian Activity in Postpartum Dairy Cows

  • Lee, K.H. (Department of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University) ;
  • Lee, Y.T. (Department of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University) ;
  • Chen, T.C. (Department of Biotechnology, Asia University) ;
  • Yeh, C.C. (Department of Medicine, Tzu Chi University) ;
  • Chen, J.Y. (Hsin-Chu Branch Station, COA-TRI) ;
  • Liu, L.Y. (Department of Plant Science, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Chi, C.H. (Department of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University)
  • Received : 2013.01.15
  • Accepted : 2013.05.16
  • Published : 2013.09.01


The effects of Sheng Hua Tang (SHT) on uterine involution and ovarian activity were investigated in postpartum dairy cows. SHT (70 g) was given to dairy cows (n = 10) to evaluate its effects for five days from the first postpartum day. Postpartum cows fed with a basal diet without SHT were used as the control group (n = 10). Ultrasounds and blood tests were recorded for four weeks from postpartum day seven with a 3-d interval. The results showed that the areas and diameters of endometria were significantly (p<0.01) reduced in the group that received SHT compared to the control group on the seventh postpartum day. The group that received SHT had an intrauterine fluid volume mean of $1.2{\pm}0.6cm^3$, which was significantly lower than that of the control group, $2.3{\pm}0.8cm^3$ (p<0.01) on the 13th postpartum day. In addition, the uterine tension score was a mean of $1.0{\pm}0.0$ in the group that received SHT, which was also significantly lower than that of the control group, $1.5{\pm}0.5$ (p<0.01) on the 19th postpartum day. Taken together, the Chinese herbal medicine remedy, SHT, promoted uterine involution and ovarian activity in postpartum dairy cows.


  1. Wang, N., Q. Liu, D. Peng, L. Wang, and S. Wang. 2002. Experimental study on anti-thrombus effect of different extracts from Semen Persicae. Zhong Yao Cai 25:414-415.
  2. Wang, Y., and B. Zhu. 1996. The effect of Angelica polysaccharide on proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cell. Chin. Med. J. 76:363-366.
  3. Youngquist, R. S., and M. D. Shore. 1997. Postpartum uterine infection. In: Current Therapy in Large Animal Theriogenology (Ed. R. S. Youngquist) pp. 335-340. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, USA.
  4. Zhao, D., W. H. Zhan, L. H. Li, F. Z. Nie, J. J. Jiao, and Y. Li. 2006. Effects of different concentration extract from Shenghua decoction on contractile activity of the uterine smooth muscle isolated from normal, estrogen-treated and postpartum mice. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 31:243-246.
  5. Zhao, F. Y., X. P. Cui, J. B. Yang, and Y. C. Yang. 2008. Effects of "shenghua decoction" on hemorrhage and menstrual restoration following drug-induced abortion. Shanghai J. Tradit. Chin. Med. 42:57-58.
  6. Opsomer, G., Y. T. Grohn, J. Hertl, M. Coryn, H. Deluyker, and A. de Kruf. 2000. Risk factors for postpartum ovarian disfunction in high producing dairy cows in Belgium: a field study. Theriogenology 53:841-857.
  7. Paape, M. J., C. Desjardins, W. D. Schultze, and J. W. Smith. 1972. Corticosteroid concentrations in jugular and mammary vein blood plasma of cows after overmilking. Am. J. Vet. Res. 33:1753-1758.
  8. Paisley, L. G., W. D. Mickelsen, and P. B. Anderson. 1986. Mechanisms and therapy for retained fetal membranes and uterine infections of cows: a review. Theriogenology 25:353-381.
  9. Peter, A. T., and W. T. K. Bosu. 1987. Effects of intrauterine infection on the function of the corpora lutea formed after first postpartum ovulation in dairy cows. Theriogenology 27:593-600.
  10. Roch, J. F., D. Mackey, and M. D. Diskin. 2000. Reproductive management of postpartum cows. Anim. Rerprod. Sci. 60:703-712.
  11. SAS Institute. 2002. Statistics User Guide. Version9. SAS Inst., Inc., Cary, NC. 4149-4172.
  12. Sato, Y., T. Akao, J. X. He, H. Nojima, Y. Kuraishi, T. Morota, T. Asano and T. Tani. 2006. Glycycoumarin from Glycyrrhizae Radix acts as a potent antispasmodic through inhibition of phosphodiesterase 3. J. Ethnopharmacol. 105:409-414.
  13. Sheldon, I. M., A. N. Rycroft and C. Zhou. 2004. Association between postpartum pyrexia and uterine bacterial infection in dairy cattle. Vet. Record. 154:289-293.
  14. Sheldon, I. M., D. E. Noakes and H. Dobson. 2002. Effect of the regressing corpus luteum of pregnancy on ovarian folliculogenesis after parturition in cattle. Biol. Reprod. 66:266-271.
  15. Slama, H., D. Vaillancourt, and A. K. Goff. 1991. Pathophysiology of the puerperal period: Relationship between prostaglandin E2 $(PGE_2)$ and uterine involution in the cow. Theriogenology 36:1071-1090.
  16. Stevenson, J. S. 1997. Clinical reproductive physiology of the cow. In Current Therapy in Large Animal Theriogenology (Ed. R. S. Youngquist) pp. 257-267. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA, USA.
  17. Thatcher, W. W., and C. J. Wilcox. 1973. Physiological, environmental, and hormonal factors at insemination which may affect conception. J. Dairy Sci. 56:873-877.
  18. Wang, J., X. Y. Xia, R. X. Peng, and X. Chen. 2004. Activation of the immunologic function of rat Kupffer cells by the polysaccharides of Angelica sinensis. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica 39:168-171.
  19. Benmrad, M., and J. S. Stevenson. 1986. Gonadotropin releasing hormone and prostaglandin $F_{2\alpha}$ for postpartum dairy cows: estrous, ovulation and fertility traits. J. Dairy Sci. 69:800-811.
  20. Bensky, D., and R. Barolet. 1993. Chinese herbal medicine: formulas and strategies. Eastland Press. Inc., Seattle, WA.
  21. Bondurant, R. H. 1999. Inflammation in the bovine female reproductive tract. J. Anim. Sci. 77(Suppl. 2):101-110.
  22. Cao, L. Q. 2008. 46 cases of early incomplete abortion by the drug treatment of decoction for puerperal blood stasis combined with powder for dissipating blood stasis. J. Liaoning College Tradit. Chin. Med. 10:84.
  23. Chuang, C. H., P. J. Chang, W. S. Hsieh, Y. J. Tsai, S. J. Lin, and P. C. Chen. 2009. Chinese herbal medicine use in Taiwan during pregnancy and the postpartum period: a population-based cohort study. Int. J. Nurs. Stud. 46:787-795.
  24. Chrubasik, S., M. H. Pittler, and B. D. Roufogalis. 2005. Zingiberis rhizoma: a comprehensive review on the ginger effect and efficacy profiles. Phytomedicine 12:684-701.
  25. Darwash, A. O., G. E. Lamming, and J. A. Wooliams. 1997. The phenotypic association between the interval to postpartum ovulation and traditional measures of fertility in dairy cattle. Anim. Sci. 65:9-16.
  26. Dohmen, M. J. W., J. A. C. M. Lohuis, G. Huszenicza, P. Nagy, and M. Gacs. 1995. The relationship between bacteriological and clinical findings in cows with subacute/chronic endometritis. Theriogenology 43:1379-1388.
  27. Gajewski, Z., and R. Faundez. 1992. Characteristics and analysis of the uterus electrical activity in the pregnant cow. Theriogenology 37:1133-1145.
  28. Gajewski, Z., R. Thun, R. Faundez, and Z. Boryezko. 1999. Uterine motility in the cow during puerperium. Reprod. Domest. Anim. 34:185-191.
  29. Galbreath, C. W. 2008. Effect of feeding flax or linseed meal on progesterone clearance rate in ovariectomized ewes. Domest. Anim. Endocrinol. 35:164-169.
  30. Gier, H. T. and G. B. Marion. 1968. Uterus of the cow after parturition: involution changes. Am. J. Vet. Res. 29:83-96.
  31. Gilbert, R. O., W. T. K. Bosu, and A. T. Peter. 1990. The effect of Escherichia coli endotoxin on luteal function on Holstein heifers. Theriogenology 33:645-651.
  32. Ginther, O. J. 1998. Ultrasonic imaging and animal reproduction: cattle. Equiservices, USA.
  33. Hirsbrunner, G., B. Knutti, I. Liu, U. Ku, G. Scholtysik, and A. Steiner. 2002. An in vivo study on spontaneous myometrial contractility in the cow during estrus and diestrus. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 70:171-180.
  34. Ho, M., T. C. Li, and S. Y. Su. 2011. The association between traditional Chinese dietary and herbal therapies and uterine involution in postpartum women. Evid. Based. Complement. Alternat. Med. 2011:1-9.
  35. Hong, M., L. Yu, C. Ma, and Q. Zhu. 2003. Effect of extract from shenghua decoction on myoelectric activity of rabbit uterine muscle in the latest period of pregnancy. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 28:1162-1164.
  36. Hu, H., B. Hang, and P. Wang. 1991. Anti-inflammatory effect of Radix Angelicae Sinensis. China J. Chin. Materia Med. 16:684-686.
  37. Hussain, A. M., and R. C. W. Daniel. 1991. Bovine endometrites: current and future alterative therapy. J. Vet. Med. 38:641-651.
  38. Huszenicza, G., S. Janosi, M. Kulcsar, P. Korodi, J. Reiczigel, L. K'atai, A. R. Peters and F. De Rensis. 2005. Effects of clinical mastitis on ovarian function in postpartum dairy cows. Reprod. Domest. Anim. 40:199-204.
  39. Kawahima, C., E. Kaneko, C. A. Montoya, M. Matsui, N. Yamagishi, N. Matsunaga, M. Ishii, K. Kida, Y. I. Miyake, and A. Miyamoto. 2006. Relationship between the first ovulation within three weeks postpartum and subsequent ovarian cycles and fertility in high producing dairy cows. J. Reprod. Dev. 52:479-486.
  40. Kindahl, H., M. Banaka, K. Kask, K. Konigsson, H. Gustafsson,, and K. Odensvik. 1999. Endocrine aspects of uterine involution in the cow. Reprod. Domest. Anim. 34:261-268.
  41. Li, J., and Y. P. Wang. 2005. Effect of angelica polysaccharide on bone marrow macrophage and its relationship to hematopoietic regulation. Chin. Tradit. Herbal Drugs 36:69-72.
  42. Lindell, J. O., H. Kindahl, L. Jansson, and L. E. Edqvist. 1982. Post-partum release of prostaglandin $F2\alpha$ and uterine involution in the cow. Theriogenology 17:237-245.
  43. Liu, J. G., F. Q. Xu, D. Z. Shi, and G. J. Dong. 2005. Effect of the extracts from Rhizoma Chuanxiong and Radix Paeouiae Rubra in different proportions on promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Tradit. Chin. Drug Res. Clin. Pharmacol. 16:315-317.
  44. Mateus, L., L. Lopes da Costa, H. Carvalho, P. Serra and J. Robalo Silva. 2002. Blood and intrauterine leukocyte profile and function in dairy cows that spontaneously recovered from postpartum endometritis. Reprod. Domest. Anim. 37:176-180.
  45. Melendez, P., J. McHale, J. Bartolome, L. F. Archbald, and G. A. Donovan. 2004. Uterine involution and fertility of holstein cows subsequent to early postpartum $PGF2\alpha$ treatment for acute puerperal metritis. J. Dairy Sci. 87:3238-3246.
  46. National Research Council. 1989. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. National Academy Press. Washington, DC.
  47. Okano, A., and T. Tomizuka. 1987. Ultrasonic observation of pospartum uterine involution in the cow. Theriogenology 27:369-376.

Cited by

  1. Sonogram of coccygeus muscle in dairy cows with different gestational ages vol.59, pp.1, 2017,