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Genetic Variation and Phylogenetic Relationships of Indian Buffaloes of Uttar Pradesh

  • Joshi, Jyoti (Department of Animal Genetics, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources) ;
  • Salar, R.K. (Department of Biotechnology, Chaudhary Devi Lal University) ;
  • Banerjee, Priyanka (Department of Animal Genetics, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources) ;
  • Upasna, S. (Department of Animal Genetics, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources) ;
  • Tantia, M.S. (Department of Animal Genetics, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources) ;
  • Vijh, R.K. (Department of Animal Genetics, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources)
  • Received : 2012.11.30
  • Accepted : 2013.03.05
  • Published : 2013.09.01

Abstract

India possesses a total buffalo population of 105 million out of which 26.1% inhabit Uttar Pradesh. The buffalo of Uttar Pradesh are described as nondescript or local buffaloes. Currently, there is no report about the genetic diversity, phylogenetic relationship and matrilineal genetic structure of these buffaloes. To determine the origin and genetic diversity of UP buffaloes, we sequenced and analysed the mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences in 259 samples from entire Uttar Pradesh. One hundred nine haplotypes were identified in UP buffaloes that were defined by 96 polymorphic sites. We implemented neutrality tests to assess signatures of recent historical demographic events like Tajima's D test and Fu's Fs test. The phylogenetic studies revealed that there was no geographic differentiation and UP buffaloes had a single maternal lineage while buffaloes of Eastern UP were distinctive from rest of the UP buffaloes.

Keywords

Buffalo;Mitochondrial DNA D-loop Region;Neutrality Test;Phylogenetic Analysis

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