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Physicochemical Characteristics of Cheonnyuncho Fruit (Opuntia humifusa) Fermented by Leuconostoc mesenteroides SM

Leuconostoc mesenteroides SM을 이용한 천년초(Opuntia humifusa) 열매 발효물의 물리·화학적 특성

Park, Min-Ju;Lee, Sam-Pin
박민주;이삼빈

  • Received : 2013.03.10
  • Accepted : 2013.06.21
  • Published : 2013.08.31

Abstract

Functional properties of Cheonnyuncho fruit paste (CFP) were enhanced by fermentation, using Leuconostoc mesenteroides SM. The stability of CFP pigment was maintained and microorganisms in crude CFP were sterilized by heating at $80^{\circ}C$ for 30 min. The production of dextran in CFP was increased by increasing the fermentation time and sugar content, resulting in an increase of consistency. The CFP fermented with 20% sucrose contained 4.8% mucilage after fermentation for 2 days. In particular, the production of mucilage was greatly enhanced by fortification with 3% sodium citrate in CFP, resulting in mucilage production of 7%. In addition, the viscous modulus of fermented CFP showed a greater increase than that of the elastic modulus. Thus, it was concluded that CFP fermented by L. mesenteroides SM can be fortified with functional ingredients, such as mucilage and probiotics, with enhanced rheological properties. Therefore fermented CFP can be utilized as the functional ingredients for functional foods.

Keywords

Cheonnyuncho;dextran;Leuconostoc mesenteroides;viscoelastic properties

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