Phenol Removal Using Oxygen-Plasma Discharge in the Water

산소-플라즈마 방전을 이용한 수중의 페놀 제거

  • Received : 2013.04.23
  • Accepted : 2013.07.05
  • Published : 2013.07.31


Decomposition of non-biodegradable contaminants such as phenol contained in water was investigated using a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma reactor in the aqueous solutions with continuous oxygen bubbling. Effects of various parameters on the removal of phenol in aqueous solution with high-voltage streamer discharge plasma are studied. In order to choose plasma gas, gas of three types (argon, air, oxygen) were investigated. After the selection of gas, effects of 1st voltage (80 ~ 220 V), oxygen flow rate (2 ~ 7 L/min), pH (3 ~ 11), and initial phenol concentration (12.5 ~ 100.0 mg/L) on phenol degradation and change of $UV_{254}$ absorbance were investigated. Absorbance of $UV_{254}$ can be used as an indirect indicator of phenol degradation and the generation and disappearance of the non-biodegradable organic compounds. Removal of phenol and COD were found to follow pseudo first-order kinetics. The removal rate constants for phenol and COD of phenol were $5.204{\times}10^{-1}min^{-1}$ and $3.26{\times}10^{-2}min^{-1}$, respectively.


Dielectric barrier discharge;Water plasma;Phenol degradation;$UV_{254}$;Wastewater treatment


Supported by : 대구대학교


  1. APH-AWWA-WPCE, 1992, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 18th Ed., APHA, Washington D. C.
  2. Chen, Y. S., Zhang, X. S., Dai, Y. C., Yuan, W. K., 2004, Pulsed high-voltage discharge plasma for degradation of phenol in aqueous solution, Sep. Puri. Tech., 34, 5-12.
  3. Choi, H. J., Lee, S. H., Yu, Y. H., Yoon, W. L., Suh, I. S., 2007, Integrated wet oxidation and aerobic biological treatment of the wastewater containing high concentration of phenol, Kor. J. Biotech. Bioeng., 22(4), 244-248.
  4. Choi, J. W., Na, B. K., 2001, Application technology of low temperature plasma, News & Inform. Chem. Eng., 9(5), 596-603.
  5. Chung, J. W., Park, J. W., Lee, C. S., 2010, Effects of operating parameters on dissolved ozone and phenol degradation in ozone contact reactor, J. Kor. Soc. Environ. Eng., 32(3),. 241-247.
  6. Feng, Y. J., Li, X. Y., 2003, Electro-catalytic oxidation of phenol on several metal-oxide electrodes in aqueous solution, Wat. Res., 37, 2399-2407.
  7. Han, P. K., Park, S. E., Lee, S. W., 2006, Photocatalytic degradation of phenol in $UV/TiO_{2}$ honeycomb reactor, J. Kor. Ind. Eng. Chem., 17(1), 100-105.
  8. He, Z. G., Liu, J. S., Cai, W. M., 2005, The important role of the hydroxy ion in phenol removal using pulsed corona discharge, J ELECTRO., 63, 371-386.
  9. Jo, H. J., Jung, J. H., 2004, Change of biodegradability of phenol and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol by gamma-rays treatment, Proceedings of Joint Spring Conf. Kor. Soc. Wat. Environ. Kor. Soc. Wat. Waste., 325-328.
  10. Johnson, S. K., Houk, L. L., Feng, J., Houk, R. S., Johnson, D. C., 1999, Electrochemical incineration of 4-chlorophenol of products and intermediates by mass spectrometry, Environ. Sci. Tech., 33, 2638-2644.
  11. Kim, D. S., Park, Y. S, 2011, A basic study of plasma reactor of dielectric barrier discharge for the water treatment, J. Environ. Sci., 20(5), 623-630.
  12. Kim, D. S., Park, Y. S., 2007, Electrochemical decolorization of a Rhodamine B using dimentsionally stable anode, J. Kor. Soc. Wat. Qual., 23(3), 377-384.
  13. Kim, D. S., Park, Y. S., 2011, Removal of Rhodamine B dye using water plasma process, J Environ. Heal. Sci., 37(3), 218-225.
  14. Kim, D. S., Park, Y. S., 2012, Study on the generation of chemically active species using air-plasma discharging system, J Kor. Soc. Wat. Qual., 28(3), 401-408.
  15. Kim, M. H., Oh, S. M., Bae, Y. S., Park, C. H., 2007, Characteristics of phenolic wastewater treatment using moving bed biofilm reactor in the MLE process, J. Kor. Soc. Wat. Waste., 21(5), 521-529.
  16. Kim, S. K., Son, H. S., Im, J. K., Kim, J. H., Zoh, K. D., 2010, A study on the characteristics of sonication combined with UV in the degradation of phenol, J. Kor. Soc. Environ. Eng., 32(7), 649-655.
  17. Lee, C. G., Woo, J. H., 2011, Catalytic ozonation of phenol, J. Kor. Soc. Environ. Eng., 33(10), 731-738.
  18. Li, J., Sato, M., Ohshima, T., 2007, Degradation of phenol in water using a gas-liquid phase pulsed discharge plasma reactor, Thin solid Films, 512, 4283-4288.
  19. Lukes, P., Appleton, A. T., Locke, B. R., 2004, Hydrogen peroxide and ozone formation in hybrid gas-liquid electrical discharge reactors, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 40(1), 60-67.
  20. Park, G. T., Cha, M. S., Nam, G. S., Cho, S. J., Son, H. J., Lee, K., Lee, S. J., 2002, Characterization of biodegradation of highly concentrated phenol by Rhodococcus sp. EL -GT, J. Environ. Sci., 11(9), 971-977.
  21. Park, Y. S., 2012, Phenol treatment plasma reactor of dielectric barrier discharge, J. Environ. Sci., 21(4), 479-488.
  22. Park, Y. S., Kim, D. S., 2012, Generation of chemically active species in oxygen plasma process, Proceedings of 20th Anniv. Conf., 21, 417-420.
  23. Sanada, A., Katzer, J. R., 1974, Catalytic oxidation of phenol in aqueous solution, Ind. Eng. Chem Funda., 13, 127-134.
  24. Sato, M., Tokotake, T., Ohshima, T., Sugiarto, A., 2008, Aqueous phenol decomposition by pulsed discharge on the water surface, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 44(5), 1397-1402.
  25. Shin, W. T., Jung, Y. J., Sung, N. C., 2005, Oxidation of phenol using ozone-containing microbubbles formed by electrostatic spray, J. Kor. Soc. Environ. Eng., 27(12), 1292-1297.
  26. Uhm, H.S., 2006, Atmospheric plasma and its applications, J. Kor. Vac. Soc., 15(2), 117-138.
  27. Yun, Y. J., Kim, H. J., Kim, S. I., 2000, A study on the electrolysis oxidation of phenol wastewater in the presence of NaCl, Appl. Chem., 4(2), 204-207.
  28. Zhang, Y., Zhou, M., Hao, X., Lei, L., 2007, Degradation mechanisms of 4-chlorophenol in a novel gas-liquid hybrid discharge reactor by pulsed high voltage system with oxygen or nitrogen bubbling, Chemosphere, 67, 702-711.