Learning Presence Factors Affecting Learning Outcomes in Facebook-based Collaborative Learning Environments

페이스북 기반 협력학습 성과를 예측하는 학습실재감 요인 규명

  • Lee, Jeongmin (Dept. of Educational Technology, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Oh, Seungeun (Dept. of Educational Technology, Ewha Womans University)
  • 이정민 (이화여자대학교 교육공학과) ;
  • 오성은 (이화여자대학교 교육공학과)
  • Received : 2013.08.27
  • Accepted : 2013.09.26
  • Published : 2013.09.30


Despite the potential implications of Facebook use, there is a distinct lack of empirically derived theory for designing learning environment. This may be because Facebook is a social tool and there has been limited opportunity for exploratory research regarding Facebook based learning. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate learning presence factors affecting learning outcomes in Facebook-based collaborative learning. Forty two college students participated in the Facebook-based collaborative learning activity, and the data from thirty nine were used for step-wise multiple regression analysis. In addition focus group interview was conducted to examine learning presence of Facebook-based collaborative learning. The results reported that cognitive presence predicted significantly learning outcomes, however, social and emotional presence did not predict learning outcomes. The implication of this study and future research were discussed in this research.