Correlation of Cancer Incidence with Diet, Smoking and Socio-Economic Position Across 22 Districts of Tehran in 2008

  • Rohani-Rasaf, Marzieh (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, and Oncopathology Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Abdollahi, Morteza (Department of Nutrition Research, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Jazayeri, Shima (Nutrition, School of Public Health, School of Public Health, and Oncopathology Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Kalantari, Naser (Department of Community Nutrition, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Asadi-Lari, Mohsen (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, and Oncopathology Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2013.03.30


Background: Variation in cancer incidence in geographical locations is due to different lifestyles and risk factors. Diet and socio-economic position (SEP) have been identified as important for the etiology of cancer but patterns are changing and inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate correlations of the incidence of common cancers with food groups, total energy, smoking, and SEP. Materials and Methods: In an ecological study, disaggregated cancer data through the National Cancer Registry in Iran (2008) and dietary intake, smoking habits and SEP obtained through a population based survey within the Urban Health Equity Assessment (Urban-HEART) project were correlated across 22 districts of Tehran. Results: Consumption of fruit, meat and dairy products adjusted for energy were positively correlated with bladder, colorectal, prostate and breast and total cancers in men and women, while these cancers were adversely correlated with bread and fat intake. Also prostate, breast, colorectal, bladder and ovarian cancers had a positive correlation with SEP; there was no correlation between SEP and skin cancer in both genders and stomach cancer in men. Conclusions: The incidence of cancer was higher in some regions of Tehran which appeared to be mainly determined by SEP rather than dietary intake. Further individual data are required to investigate reasons of cancer clustering.


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