Expression and Role of ICAM-1 in the Occurrence and Development of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Zhu, Xi-Wen (Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University) ;
  • Gong, Jian-Ping (Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University)
  • Published : 2013.03.30


Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, its main function being to participate in recognition and adhesion between cells. ICAM-1 is considered closely related to occurrence, development, metastasis and invasion process of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A variety of inflammatory cytokines and stimulus affect its expression through the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-${\kappa}B$) signal transduction pathway. In the initial stage of inflammation, hepatocirrhosis and tumor development, ICAM-1 is expressed differently, and has varied effects on different cells to promote occurrence of malignancy and metastasis. ICAM-1 has diagnostic significance for AFP-negative or suspected HCC, and may be a prognositic significance. It is thus widely used in studies as a biomarker which reflects cancer cells metastasis as well as curative effect of drugs. Many new treatments of HCC may be based on the effects of ICAM-1 on different levels of function.


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