Effects of Temperature on A Synthesized Birnessite

온도 변화에 따른 합성 버네사이트 특성 변화 연구

  • Received : 2013.06.03
  • Accepted : 2013.06.24
  • Published : 2013.06.30


A series of birnessite was synthesized at 25, 40, 60, and $80^{\circ}C$, respectively. Intensities of XRD and the ratio of signal to noise of the peaks for samples increases with increasing temperature up to $60^{\circ}C$, whereas the intensity and ratio for a sample synthesized at $80^{\circ}C$ decrease, showing that crystallinity of the birnessite synthesized at $60^{\circ}C$ is better than that of the synthesized at $80^{\circ}C$. However, BET surface areas for these two samples show that the surface area increases 39.4 to 89.7 $m^2/g$ with increasing synthesizing temperature from 60 up to $80^{\circ}C$, indicating that a small surface area is shown in a well-crystallized birnessite rather than that of a poorly crystallized birnessite. SEM images show that morphologies for samples are seriously influenced by temperature. The morphology of the synthesized at 25 shows a round-shape, while a plate-like morphology is shown in the synthesized birnessite at $80^{\circ}C$. In addition, a porous layered structure is also shown in the synthesized birnessite at $80^{\circ}C$. These results suggest that physicochemical properties of the synthesized birnessite are sensitively affected by mechanical changes of parameters such as temperature during the synthesization.


birnessite;manganese oxide;crystallinity;BET surface area;porous layered structure


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