- Volume 14 Issue 5
DOI QR Code
Burden of Smoked and Smokeless Tobacco Consumption in India - Results from the Global adult Tobacco Survey India (GATS-India)- 2009-2010
- Bhawna, Gupta (Department School of Dentistry and Oral Health)
- Published : 2013.05.30
Background: The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) was carried out for systematically monitoring tobacco use and for tracking key tobacco control indicators. Materials and Methods: A total of 70,802 households, including 42,647 in rural areas and 28,155 in urban areas, were covered with a three stage sampling design. Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practices of tobacco consumption.Results: GATS-India highlighted that total tobacco use among its residents is overall 34.6%, varying for males (47.9%) and females (20.7%). The rural areas of the country exhibit comparatively higher prevalence rates (38.4%) in comparison to urban areas (25.3%). Overall, Khaini, a smokeless tobacco product (12.0%), is the most popular form of tobacco use among males and females, followed by bidi smoking (9.0%). Conclusion: Results of GATS data can be used as baseline for evaluation of new tobacco control approaches in India integrating culturally acceptable and cost effective measures.
Tobacco;smoking;smokeless tobacco;prevalence;consumption patterns
- Byakodi R, Byakodi S, Hiremath S, et al (2012). Oral cancer in india: an epidemiologic and clinical review. J Community Hlth, 37, 316-9 .
- Chaloupka FJ. (2013). Maximizing the public health impact of alcohol and tobacco taxes. Am J Prev Med, 44, 561-2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2013.02.008
- Dobe M, Sinha DN, Rahman K (2006). Smokeless tobacco use and its implications in WHO South East Asia Region. Indian J Public Hlth, 50, 70-5.
- Gupta B, Ariyawardana A, Johnson NW (2013). Oral cancer in India continues in epidemic proportions: evidence base and policy initiatives. Int Dent J, 63, 12-25. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1875-595x.2012.00131.x
- Gupta V, Yadav K, Anand K (2010). Patterns of tobacco use across rural, urban, and urban-slum populations in a north Indian community. Indian J Community Med, 35, 245-51. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.66877
- Gupta PC, Ray CS (2007). Tobacco, education and health. Indian J Med Res, 126, 228-9.
- Gupta PC, Ray CS (2003). Smokeless tobacco and health in India and South Asia. Respirology, 8, 419-31. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1843.2003.00507.x
- John RM (2005). Tobacco consumption patterns and its health implications in India. Hlth Policy, 71, 213-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2004.08.008
- Jindal SK, Aggarwal AN, Chaudhry K, et al (2006). Tobacco smoking in India: prevalence, quit-rates and respiratory morbidity. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci, 48, 37-42.
- Kaur J, Jain DC (2011). Tobacco control policies in India: implementation and challenges. Indian J Public Hlth, 55, 220-27. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-557X.89941
- Kishore J, jenna PK, Bandyopadhyay C et al (2013). Hardcore smoking in three South-east Asian countries: results from the global adult tobacco survey. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 625-30 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.2.625
- Koh HK, Sebelius KG (2013). Ending the tobacco epidemic. JAMA, 308, 767-8
- Majra JP, Gur A (2009). Poverty, tobacco, and health: an Indian scenario. J Hlth Popul Nutr, 27, 316-8
- Mathur P and Shah B (2011). Evidence building for policy: tobacco surveillance/surveys and research in India. Indian J Public Hlth, 55, 173-83
- Maseeh A, Kwatra G (2005). A review of smoking cessation interventions. Med Gen Med, 7, 24.
- Mehrotra R, Chaudhary AK, Pandya S, et al (2010). Tobacco use by Indian medical students and the need for comprehensive intervention strategies. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 349-52.
- Murthy P, Saddichha S (2010). Tobacco cessation services in India: recent developments and the need for expansion. Indian J Cancer, 47, 69-74. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-509X.63873
- Prabhakar B, Narake SS, Pednekar MS (2012). Social disparities in tobacco use in India: the roles of occupation, education and gender. Indian J Cancer, 49, 41-7
- Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P, et al (2003). Tobacco use in India: prevalence and predictors of smoking and chewing in a national cross sectional household survey. Tob Control, 12, 4. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.12.4.e4
- Reddy KS, Gupta PC, eds (2004). Report on Tobacco control in India. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Available from http://www.who.int/fctc/reporting/Annex6_Report_on_Tobacco_Control_in_India_2004.pdf [Accessed on 20th Feb 2013]
- Rooban T, Elizabeth J, Umadevi KR, et al (2010). Sociodemographic correlates of male chewable smokeless tobacco users in India: a preliminary report of analysis of National Family Health Survey, 2005-2006. Indian J Cancer, 47, 91-100 https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-509X.63865
- Sansone GC, Raute LJ, Fong GT, et al (2012). Knowledge of health effects and intentions to quit among smokers in India: findings from the Tobacco Control Policy (TCP) India pilot survey. Int J Environ Res Public Hlth, 9, 564-78. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9020564
- Sarkar Bk, Reddy KS (2012). Priorities for tobacco control research in India. Addiction, [Epub ahead of print].
- Sauvaget C, Ramadas K, Thara S (2008). Tobacco chewing in India. Int Jou Epidemiology, 37, 1242-5. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyn097
- Vanka A, Roshan NM, Ravi KS (2009). A review of tobacco cessation services for youth in the dental clinic. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent, 27, 78-84. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-4388.55326
- World Health Organization, regional Office for South- East Asia. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): India Country Report. New Delhi:WHO-SEARO,2009.Avaliable from: http//www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Regional Tobacco Surveillance Systems GATS India.pdf [Accessed on 19th Feb 2013]
- Zarocostas J (2011). WHO lists “best buys” for cutting deaths from non-communicable disease. BMJ, 342, 2648 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d2648
- Dental Practitioners Self Reported Performance of Tobacco Cessation Counseling Interventions: A Cross Sectional Study vol.14, pp.10, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.10.6141
- Socioeconomic Inequality in the Prevalence of Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco use in India vol.14, pp.11, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.11.6965
- Prisoners' Perception of Tobacco Use and Cessation in Chhatisgarh, India - The Truth from Behind the Bars vol.15, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.1.413
- A Cross-Country Comparison of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices about Tobacco Use: Findings from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey vol.15, pp.12, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.12.5035
- Pattern of Tobacco Use and its Correlates among Older Adults in India vol.15, pp.15, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.15.6195
- Smokeless Tobacco (Shammah) in Saudi Arabia: A Review of its Pattern of Use, Prevalence, and Potential Role in Oral Cancer vol.15, pp.16, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.16.6477
- Analysis of Motivating Factors for Smokeless Tobacco Use in Two Indian States vol.15, pp.16, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.16.6553
- Demographic Risk Factors, Affected Anatomical Sites and Clinicopathological Profile for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a North Indian Population vol.15, pp.16, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.16.6755
- Evaluation of the Knowledge and Perceptions with Regards to Pictorial Health Warnings on Tobacco Products among Tobacco Users Diagnosed with Head and Neck Carcinoma: a Study from the Kumaon Hills of India vol.15, pp.18, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.18.7891
- Smokeless Tobacco and Oral Cancer in South Asia: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis vol.2014, pp.1687-8566, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/394696
- Trends of Smokeless Tobacco use among Adults (Aged 15-49 Years) in Bangladesh, India and Nepal vol.16, pp.15, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.15.6561
- Cancer Detection Rates in a Population-Based, Opportunistic Screening Model, New Delhi, India vol.16, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.5.1953
- Tobacco cues in India: An ecological momentary assessment vol.14, pp.1, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12971-016-0081-z
- Social Determinants of Health and Tobacco Use in Five Low - and Middle-Income Countries - Results from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), 2011 - 2012 vol.17, pp.3, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2016.17.3.1269
- Lifestyle health risk factors and multiple non-communicable diseases among the adult population in India: a cross-sectional study vol.24, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-016-0727-6
- Smokeless tobacco and oral potentially malignant disorders in South Asia: a protocol for a systematic review vol.5, pp.1, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-016-0320-7
- Oral Tobaccco and Mortality in India vol.7, pp.1179-9161, 2016, https://doi.org/10.4137/IJCM.S25889
- Widowhood and Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use Among Older Adults in India pp.1758-5368, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbw134
- Requirements of health policy and services journals for authors to disclose financial and non-financial conflicts of interest: a cross-sectional study vol.15, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-017-0244-2
- A quasi-experimental intervention to assess the effectiveness of a physician-delivered tobacco cessation intervention in India: A detailed study protocol vol.5, pp.2050-3121, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1177/2050312117697173
- Prevalence and factors associated with tobacco use among adults attending selected healthcare facilities in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa vol.59, pp.6, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1080/20786190.2017.1340251
- Smokeless tobacco-associated cancers: A systematic review and meta-analysis of Indian studies vol.138, pp.6, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.29884
- Risk of major cancers associated with various forms of tobacco use in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis pp.1613-2238, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-018-0992-7