DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Burden of Smoked and Smokeless Tobacco Consumption in India - Results from the Global adult Tobacco Survey India (GATS-India)- 2009-2010

  • Bhawna, Gupta (Department School of Dentistry and Oral Health)
  • Published : 2013.05.30

Abstract

Background: The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) was carried out for systematically monitoring tobacco use and for tracking key tobacco control indicators. Materials and Methods: A total of 70,802 households, including 42,647 in rural areas and 28,155 in urban areas, were covered with a three stage sampling design. Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practices of tobacco consumption.Results: GATS-India highlighted that total tobacco use among its residents is overall 34.6%, varying for males (47.9%) and females (20.7%). The rural areas of the country exhibit comparatively higher prevalence rates (38.4%) in comparison to urban areas (25.3%). Overall, Khaini, a smokeless tobacco product (12.0%), is the most popular form of tobacco use among males and females, followed by bidi smoking (9.0%). Conclusion: Results of GATS data can be used as baseline for evaluation of new tobacco control approaches in India integrating culturally acceptable and cost effective measures.

Keywords

Tobacco;smoking;smokeless tobacco;prevalence;consumption patterns

References

  1. Byakodi R, Byakodi S, Hiremath S, et al (2012). Oral cancer in india: an epidemiologic and clinical review. J Community Hlth, 37, 316-9 .
  2. Chaloupka FJ. (2013). Maximizing the public health impact of alcohol and tobacco taxes. Am J Prev Med, 44, 561-2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2013.02.008
  3. Dobe M, Sinha DN, Rahman K (2006). Smokeless tobacco use and its implications in WHO South East Asia Region. Indian J Public Hlth, 50, 70-5.
  4. Gupta B, Ariyawardana A, Johnson NW (2013). Oral cancer in India continues in epidemic proportions: evidence base and policy initiatives. Int Dent J, 63, 12-25. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1875-595x.2012.00131.x
  5. Gupta V, Yadav K, Anand K (2010). Patterns of tobacco use across rural, urban, and urban-slum populations in a north Indian community. Indian J Community Med, 35, 245-51. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.66877
  6. Gupta PC, Ray CS (2007). Tobacco, education and health. Indian J Med Res, 126, 228-9.
  7. Gupta PC, Ray CS (2003). Smokeless tobacco and health in India and South Asia. Respirology, 8, 419-31. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1843.2003.00507.x
  8. John RM (2005). Tobacco consumption patterns and its health implications in India. Hlth Policy, 71, 213-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2004.08.008
  9. Jindal SK, Aggarwal AN, Chaudhry K, et al (2006). Tobacco smoking in India: prevalence, quit-rates and respiratory morbidity. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci, 48, 37-42.
  10. Kaur J, Jain DC (2011). Tobacco control policies in India: implementation and challenges. Indian J Public Hlth, 55, 220-27. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-557X.89941
  11. Kishore J, jenna PK, Bandyopadhyay C et al (2013). Hardcore smoking in three South-east Asian countries: results from the global adult tobacco survey. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 625-30 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.2.625
  12. Koh HK, Sebelius KG (2013). Ending the tobacco epidemic. JAMA, 308, 767-8
  13. Majra JP, Gur A (2009). Poverty, tobacco, and health: an Indian scenario. J Hlth Popul Nutr, 27, 316-8
  14. Mathur P and Shah B (2011). Evidence building for policy: tobacco surveillance/surveys and research in India. Indian J Public Hlth, 55, 173-83
  15. Maseeh A, Kwatra G (2005). A review of smoking cessation interventions. Med Gen Med, 7, 24.
  16. Mehrotra R, Chaudhary AK, Pandya S, et al (2010). Tobacco use by Indian medical students and the need for comprehensive intervention strategies. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 349-52.
  17. Murthy P, Saddichha S (2010). Tobacco cessation services in India: recent developments and the need for expansion. Indian J Cancer, 47, 69-74. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-509X.63873
  18. Prabhakar B, Narake SS, Pednekar MS (2012). Social disparities in tobacco use in India: the roles of occupation, education and gender. Indian J Cancer, 49, 41-7
  19. Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P, et al (2003). Tobacco use in India: prevalence and predictors of smoking and chewing in a national cross sectional household survey. Tob Control, 12, 4. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.12.4.e4
  20. Reddy KS, Gupta PC, eds (2004). Report on Tobacco control in India. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Available from http://www.who.int/fctc/reporting/Annex6_Report_on_Tobacco_Control_in_India_2004.pdf [Accessed on 20th Feb 2013]
  21. Rooban T, Elizabeth J, Umadevi KR, et al (2010). Sociodemographic correlates of male chewable smokeless tobacco users in India: a preliminary report of analysis of National Family Health Survey, 2005-2006. Indian J Cancer, 47, 91-100 https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-509X.63865
  22. Sansone GC, Raute LJ, Fong GT, et al (2012). Knowledge of health effects and intentions to quit among smokers in India: findings from the Tobacco Control Policy (TCP) India pilot survey. Int J Environ Res Public Hlth, 9, 564-78. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9020564
  23. Sarkar Bk, Reddy KS (2012). Priorities for tobacco control research in India. Addiction, [Epub ahead of print].
  24. Sauvaget C, Ramadas K, Thara S (2008). Tobacco chewing in India. Int Jou Epidemiology, 37, 1242-5. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyn097
  25. Vanka A, Roshan NM, Ravi KS (2009). A review of tobacco cessation services for youth in the dental clinic. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent, 27, 78-84. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-4388.55326
  26. World Health Organization, regional Office for South- East Asia. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS): India Country Report. New Delhi:WHO-SEARO,2009.Avaliable from: http//www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Regional Tobacco Surveillance Systems GATS India.pdf [Accessed on 19th Feb 2013]
  27. Zarocostas J (2011). WHO lists “best buys” for cutting deaths from non-communicable disease. BMJ, 342, 2648 https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d2648

Cited by

  1. Dental Practitioners Self Reported Performance of Tobacco Cessation Counseling Interventions: A Cross Sectional Study vol.14, pp.10, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.10.6141
  2. Socioeconomic Inequality in the Prevalence of Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco use in India vol.14, pp.11, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.11.6965
  3. Prisoners' Perception of Tobacco Use and Cessation in Chhatisgarh, India - The Truth from Behind the Bars vol.15, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.1.413
  4. A Cross-Country Comparison of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices about Tobacco Use: Findings from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey vol.15, pp.12, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.12.5035
  5. Pattern of Tobacco Use and its Correlates among Older Adults in India vol.15, pp.15, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.15.6195
  6. Smokeless Tobacco (Shammah) in Saudi Arabia: A Review of its Pattern of Use, Prevalence, and Potential Role in Oral Cancer vol.15, pp.16, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.16.6477
  7. Analysis of Motivating Factors for Smokeless Tobacco Use in Two Indian States vol.15, pp.16, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.16.6553
  8. Demographic Risk Factors, Affected Anatomical Sites and Clinicopathological Profile for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a North Indian Population vol.15, pp.16, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.16.6755
  9. Evaluation of the Knowledge and Perceptions with Regards to Pictorial Health Warnings on Tobacco Products among Tobacco Users Diagnosed with Head and Neck Carcinoma: a Study from the Kumaon Hills of India vol.15, pp.18, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.18.7891
  10. Smokeless Tobacco and Oral Cancer in South Asia: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis vol.2014, pp.1687-8566, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/394696
  11. Trends of Smokeless Tobacco use among Adults (Aged 15-49 Years) in Bangladesh, India and Nepal vol.16, pp.15, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.15.6561
  12. Cancer Detection Rates in a Population-Based, Opportunistic Screening Model, New Delhi, India vol.16, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.5.1953
  13. Tobacco cues in India: An ecological momentary assessment vol.14, pp.1, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12971-016-0081-z
  14. Social Determinants of Health and Tobacco Use in Five Low - and Middle-Income Countries - Results from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), 2011 - 2012 vol.17, pp.3, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2016.17.3.1269
  15. Lifestyle health risk factors and multiple non-communicable diseases among the adult population in India: a cross-sectional study vol.24, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-016-0727-6
  16. Smokeless tobacco and oral potentially malignant disorders in South Asia: a protocol for a systematic review vol.5, pp.1, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-016-0320-7
  17. Oral Tobaccco and Mortality in India vol.7, pp.1179-9161, 2016, https://doi.org/10.4137/IJCM.S25889
  18. Widowhood and Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use Among Older Adults in India pp.1758-5368, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbw134
  19. Requirements of health policy and services journals for authors to disclose financial and non-financial conflicts of interest: a cross-sectional study vol.15, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-017-0244-2
  20. A quasi-experimental intervention to assess the effectiveness of a physician-delivered tobacco cessation intervention in India: A detailed study protocol vol.5, pp.2050-3121, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1177/2050312117697173
  21. Prevalence and factors associated with tobacco use among adults attending selected healthcare facilities in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa vol.59, pp.6, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1080/20786190.2017.1340251
  22. Smokeless tobacco-associated cancers: A systematic review and meta-analysis of Indian studies vol.138, pp.6, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.29884
  23. Risk of major cancers associated with various forms of tobacco use in India: a systematic review and meta-analysis pp.1613-2238, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-018-0992-7