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Lifestyle Behaviors and Early Diagnosis Practices of Cancer Patients

  • Yilmaz, Medine (Health Sciences Faculty, Izmir Katip Celebi University) ;
  • Sanli, Deniz (Health Sciences Faculty, Izmir Katip Celebi University) ;
  • Ucgun, Mujde (Ataturk Education and Training Hospital, Izmir Katip Celebi University) ;
  • Kaya, Nur Sahin (Ataturk Education and Training Hospital, Izmir Katip Celebi University) ;
  • Tokem, Yasemin (Health Sciences Faculty, Izmir Katip Celebi University)
  • Published : 2013.05.30

Abstract

Background: The aim was to determine the lifestyle behaviors and the practices for early diagnosis of cancer of cancer patients. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used for this study. The sample consisted of 222 patients with a diagnosis of cancer (non-random sample method). Ethical permission was obtained of the Non-interventional Research Ethics Committee of our Institution. Values of p<0.05 were accepted as statistically significant. Results: It was observed that 54.4% of the patients had never performed breast self-examination, 60.8% had never had a mammography, and 71.2% had never had a Pap smear. Sixty-six point two percent of patients had never had screening for colon cancer within the past ten years. GIS cancers were higher in smokers and ex-smokers (p=0.005), in drinkers and in ex-drinkers (p=0.000). The breast cancer rate was higher in obese people (p=0.019). Conclusions: The results of this study provide information on the healthy lifestyle behavior of cancer patients before their diagnosis, and their use of early diagnosis practices. The important aspect of this study is to extend cancer patients' period of life after the diagnosis and treatment process, to make them conscious of risky lifestyle and nutritional behavior so that they can maintain a high quality of life, and to start initiatives in this direction that would ensure changes in behavior.

Keywords

Cancer;lifestyle behaviour;screening;nutrition;Turkey

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