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Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus in Women from Saudi Arabia

  • Turki, Rola (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine) ;
  • Sait, Khalid (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine) ;
  • Anfinan, Nisreen (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine) ;
  • Sohrab, Sayed Sartaj (King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University) ;
  • Abuzenadah, Adel Mohammed (Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Center of Innovation in Personalized Medicine, King Abdulaziz University)
  • Published : 2013.05.30

Abstract

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main causes of cervical cancer in women worldwide. The goal of the present study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of HPV genotypes in women from Saudi Arabia. Recently, several HPV detection methods have been developed, each with different sensitivities and specificities. Methods: In this study, total forty cervical samples were subjected to polymerase chain reaction and hybridization to BioFilmChip microarray assessment. Results: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections were found in 43% of the specimens. The most prevalent genotypes were HPV 16 (30%) HPV 18 (8.0%) followed by type HPV 45, occurring at 5.0%. Conclusion: Our finding showed the HPV infection and prevalence is increasing at alarming rate in women of Saudi Arabia. There was no low risk infection detected in the tested samples. The BioFilmChip microarray detection system is highly accurate and suitable for detection of single and multiple infections, allowing rapid detection with less time-consumption and easier performance as compared with other methods.

Keywords

Human papillomavirus (HPV);cervical cancer;prevalence;diagnosis;Saudi Arabia

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