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A Population-based Case-control Study on Risk Factors for Gastric Cardia Cancer in Rural Areas of Linzhou

  • Sun, Chang-Qing (School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University) ;
  • Chang, Yu-Bo (School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University) ;
  • Cui, Ling-Ling (School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University) ;
  • Chen, Jia-Jun (School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University) ;
  • Sun, Nan (Zhengzhou Foreign Language School) ;
  • Zhang, Wei-Jie (School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University) ;
  • Jia, Xiao-Can (School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University) ;
  • Tian, Yuan (School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University) ;
  • Dai, Li-Ping (School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University)
  • Published : 2013.05.30

Abstract

Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. Although certain dietary factors and lifestyles have been suggested to be associated with gastric carcinogenesis, there have been few investigations focusing on rural areas. A case-control study was therefore carried out to investigate the risk factors of gastric cardia cancer (GCC) in rural areas of Linzhou. A total of 470 newly diagnosed cases of GCC and 470 healthy controls were included. Face-to-face interviews were conducted, using a uniform questionnaire containing questions on demographics, per capita income, living habits, dietary habits and family history of tumors. The relationship between putative risk factors and GCC was assessed by odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) derived from conditional logistic regression model by the COXREG command using SPSS 12.00. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate simultaneously the effects of multiple factors and other potential confounding factors. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that smoking (OR=1.939, 95%CI:1.097-3.426), alcohol drinking (OR=2.360, 95%CI: 1.292-4.311), hot food consumption (OR=2.034, 95%CI: 1.507-2.745), fast eating (OR=1.616, 95%CI: 1.171-2.230), mouldy food (OR=4.564, 95%CI: 2.682-7.767), leftover food (OR=1.881. 95%CI: 1.324-2.671), and family history of tumor (OR=2.831, 95%CI: 1.588-5.050) were risk factors for GCC. High per capita income (OR=0.709, 95%CI: 0.533-0.942), high education level (OR=0.354, 95%CI: 0.163-0.765), consumption of fresh fruits (OR=0.186, 95%CI: 0.111-0.311) and vegetables (OR=0.243, 95%CI: 0.142-0.415), and high BMI (OR=0.367, 95%CI: 0.242-0.557) were protective factors for GCC. Our data indicate that unhealthy lifestyle and dietary habits might be important contributors to GCC in this population.

Keywords

Case-control study;risk factor;gastric cardia cancer;dietary habits;rural Linzhou;China

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