Status of Birds Using a Rice Paddy in South Korea

우리나라 논 이용 조류 현황

  • 김미란 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 남형규 (경희대학교 생물학과.한국조류연구소) ;
  • 김명현 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 조광진 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 강기경 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부 기후변화생태과) ;
  • 나영은 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부 기후변화생태과)
  • Received : 2013.01.17
  • Accepted : 2013.04.19
  • Published : 2013.06.30


BACKGROUND: Rice paddies not only produce food but also provides wildlife habitats. Although more than half agricultural land of South Korea is rice paddy, a few studies have been conducted in rice paddy ecosystem. We investigated a status of bird using a rice paddy in South Korea using published data. METHODS AND RESULTS: Birds using a rice paddy have been defined as birds which breed, rest or forage on rice paddy, bank, reservoirs or irrigation ditches. According to the publication from 1980s, birds using a rice paddy were total 47 families 279 species. Scolopacidae and Charadriidae (18%), Falconidae, Accipitridae and Strigidae (12%) and Anatidae (11%) used a rice paddy. Half of bird species using a rice paddy visited a dried rice paddy during the winter and 39.4% of them used a flooded rice paddy in spring, autumn or summer. Dependency on a rice paddy was high in ducks, egrets, cranes, and shorebirds. Population of dabbling ducks has decreased for last 12 years while cranes have increased. CONCLUSION(S): Rice paddies provide both migratory and terrestrial birds including endangered species for habitate all through the year in Korea.


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