High Temperature Oxidation Behavior of Nd-doped $UO_2$

네오듐 고용 이산화우라늄의 고온 산화거동

  • Published : 2013.06.10


The phase change of $(U_{1-x}Nd_x)_3O_8$ powder produced by oxidation of Nd-doped $UO_2$ pellet at $500^{\circ}C$ was investigated by high temperature oxidation heat treatment at $900{\sim}1500^{\circ}C$ under an air atmosphere. The XRD analysis results showed that the formation of $(U_{1-y}Nd_y)O_{2+z}$ phase and $U_3O_8$ phase from metastable $(U,Nd)_3O_8$ phase initiated at a temperature of $1000^{\circ}C$. The relative integrated intensity of $(U_{1-y}Nd_y)O_{2+z}$ phase to $U_3O_8$ phase increased with increasing of the oxidation temperature from 1100 to $1500^{\circ}C$. And also, it was found from the SEM observation that the particle size of $(U_{1-y}Nd_y)O_{2+z}$ phase increased with increasing of the oxidation temperature. However, electrone probe X-ray microanalyzer (EPMA) analysis results showed that Nd contents in $(U_{1-y}Nd_y)O_{2+z}$ phase decreased with increasing of the oxidation temperature. This behavior on the ground of XRD, SEM, and EPMA analysis data could be interpreted in terms of the transportation of U ions from $U_3O_8$ phase into $(U_{1-y}Nd_y)O_{2+z}$ phase through the interface of two phases during high temperature oxidation.


thermal oxidation;phase separation;neutron absorber;neodymium;uranium oxides


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