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Evaluation of Bioethanol Productivity from Sorghum × Sudangrass Hybrid for Cellulosic Feedstocks

셀룰로오스계 원료작물로서 수수-수단그래스 교잡종의 바이오에탄올 생산량 평가

  • 차영록 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 바이오에너지작물센터) ;
  • 문윤호 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 바이오에너지작물센터) ;
  • 구본철 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 바이오에너지작물센터) ;
  • 안종웅 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 바이오에너지작물센터) ;
  • 윤영미 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 바이오에너지작물센터) ;
  • 남상식 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 기획조정과) ;
  • 김중곤 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 바이오에너지작물센터) ;
  • 안기홍 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 바이오에너지작물센터) ;
  • 박광근 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 바이오에너지작물센터)
  • Received : 2012.11.09
  • Accepted : 2013.01.21
  • Published : 2013.03.31

Abstract

The world demand of renewable bioenergy as an alternative transportation fuel is greatly increasing. Research for bioethanol production is currently being progressed intensively throughout the world. Therefore it will be necessary to develop bioethanol production with cellulosic materials. In this study, the yield of ethanol production was evaluated by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) using sodium hydroxide pretreated sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrids. Composition analysis of 11 varieties of sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrids was performed for selection of excellent variety to efficiently produce bioethanol. The content of cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and ash of these varieties were 32~39%, 19~24%, 17~22% and 6~11%, respectively. Among these varieties, 4 varieties of sorghum ${\times}$ sudangrass hybrids were selected for the evaluation of ethanol yield and those were pretreated with 1 M NaOH solution at $150^{\circ}C$ for 30 min using high temperature explosion system. After pretreatment, samples were neutralized with tap water. It contained 52~57% of cellulose. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) was carried out for 48 h at $33^{\circ}C$ by Saccharomyces cerevisiae CHY1011 using Green star variety. The yield of ethanol was 92.4% and the amount of ethanol production was estimated at 6206 L/ha.

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