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A Study on the Standard Drawings of Seoul Middle School Architecture in 1975

1975년 서울시 중학교 표준설계도에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2013.02.26
  • Accepted : 2013.05.09
  • Published : 2013.05.31

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the 'Standard Drawings for School Facilities' issued by Seoul Education Committee in 1975 because it is the early example for middle school architecture. The results of this study are summarized as follows 1) In general trend of single-corridor type block plan, there are also changes in floor plan like no-corridor type block plan, $9.9{\times}6.6m$ classroom unit for the better daylight condition, built-in storage for students. 2) As for elevation design, it is characterized as daylight-oriented, functional exterior for without making full use of design elements. 3) Standardized dimensions are used as a rule in the height of story, ceiling, window sill and etc. Transitional characteristics of the early RC school architecture are found in exposed ceiling, incomplete insulation structure and mixed use of wood framed floor of earlier type. 4) Contrast to main school building, gymnasium shows the intend to express the symbolism of school architecture with diverse elevation design elements and the plasticity of building mass. 5) Separated plan of toilet and night-duty building also show the transitional characteristics. As conclusion, though showing the stereotyped school architecture, on the other hand, 'Standard Drawings for School Facilities' (1975) makes it possible to see the way of coping with the demands for school architecture in that time and the transition of school architecture. This is the main value of it as the material for the studies related to the history of educational facilities.

Keywords

Middle School Architecture;Standard Drawing;Equalization Policy of Middle School Education

References

  1. Song, Cheon-Ho, "Expansion of Seoul Educational Facilities", Journal of Seoul Education, pp.26-27, December, 1970
  2. The Board of Educaion City of Seoul, "Standard Drawings of School Facilities", 1975
  3. The Board of Educaion City of Seoul, "Statistical Yearbook of Education"
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  5. http://www.law.go.kr/, National Law Information Center
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