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Incident shock and Related Factors in Rescue Workers

구조대원의 사건충격 정도와 관련 요인 분석

  • Yoo, Eui-Tae (Department of Education at Dongbang Graduate University) ;
  • Cho, Sung-Je (Department of Education at Dongbang Graduate University)
  • 유의태 (동방대학원대학교 교육학과) ;
  • 조성제 (동방대학원대학교 교육학과)
  • Received : 2013.04.11
  • Accepted : 2013.05.09
  • Published : 2013.05.31

Abstract

This study was designed to identify the extent of incident shock who are in high risk of post traumatic shock stress, and analyze the related factors that affect the extent of incident shock. The subjects are 415 rescue workers from Seoul Metropolitan Fire & Disaster Headquarters, who are in high frequency of fire outbreaks and rescue mobilization. With a reliability of Cronbach's ${\alpha}$=.975, the results show invasion, avoidance, sleep disorder and emotional paralysis, dissociative symptom, hyper arousal as foremost causes respectively. Moreover, the results imply that the extent of incident shock was higher in people with more age or being married. Also, from the occupational perspective, the number of years as fire fighters, as rescue workers, mobilization and experiences at work in proportion to incident shocks has risen exponentially. It is notable that the groups who alleviate stress by consuming liquors had higher extent of incident shock. In conclusion, to deal with groups in high risk, management system and prevention care programs for incident shocks need to be introduced immediately and put into effect.

Keywords

Rescue workers;Occupational Stress;post-traumatic stress;incident shock

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