The History of Conflicts between Social Movements and Social Welfare -A Case Study of Self-Sufficiency Promotion Centers in South Korea-

사회운동조직의 사회복지제도화와 미시저항 -지역자활센터의 사례를 중심으로-

  • 김수영 (서울대학교 사회복지연구소)
  • Received : 2013.03.10
  • Accepted : 2013.05.01
  • Published : 2013.05.31


The aim of this study is to demonstrate how Self-Sufficiency Promotion Centers (SSP Centers) run by social movement groups have struggled to defend their voluntary identities in conflict with SSP Centers operated by professional social welfare centers. Since political democratization, social movement groups have been increasing invited to run frontline public welfare agencies in South Korea, and Self-Sufficiency Program is one of the representative policies in which social movement groups have actively partaked. But many critical scholars have warned that such institutionalization of social movements into social welfare system is likely to dampen their voluntary nature and force them to render their hegemonic power to professional social welfare institutions. In contrast to the critical viewpoint, however, this study unveils how social movement-based SSP Centers have strived to tackle the professionalization pressure by deploying various survival strategies at the micro level. Through a historical discourse analysis on the frontline conflicts between social movement-based and social welfare-based SSP Centers, this study contends that social movement groups in Self-Sufficiency Program can still maintain their traditional spirit despite the obvious professionalization phenomenon.


Self-Sufficiency Program;social movement;social welfare;institutionalization;professionalization;micro-resistance


Supported by : 한국연구재단