Structural Analysis on the Path of Problem Gambling among College Students - Using Jacob's General Theory of Addiction-

대학생의 문제도박 발달경로 구조분석 -Jacob의 중독의 일반이론 적용-

  • Received : 2013.03.08
  • Accepted : 2013.04.24
  • Published : 2013.05.31

Abstract

The growth of legal and illegal gambling industry in Korea has increased the gambling accessibility. Actually, the prevalence of gambling addiction in Korea is significantly higher than those in western countries. The problems related to gambling make negative consequences in the individual, familial and socio-economical aspect. Previous studies showed that the prevalence of problem gambling by college students was much higher than that by adolescence and adult due to the nature of psychosocial developmental stage. The purpose of this study is to explore the path of problem gambling among college students based on the Jacob's general theory of addiction. Participants are 366 male college students who have experienced on gambling behavior. The main results are as follows. First, the problem gambling prevalence of participants is 14%. Second, statistical analysis using structural equation modeling shows the significant pathway among psychological vulnerability, needs to escape and problem gambling. Instead, the physiological vulnerability is not significant on the path to problem gambling. On the basis of these findings, the implications for social welfare prevention and intervention to college students are discussed.

Keywords

problem gambling;physiological and psychological vulnerability;needs to escape;general theory of addiction

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 청주대학교 사회과학연구소