A Phenomenological Study on the Communication Experiences of the Deaf

청각장애인의 의사소통 경험

  • Received : 2013.02.18
  • Accepted : 2013.04.22
  • Published : 2013.05.31

Abstract

The aim of this study was to explore and understand the communication experiences of the deaf, from their perspective. This study obtained informations through in-depth interviews with five people with deafness using sign language. The collected data was analyzed according to Giorgi's phenomenological qualitative methods. The following main themes were extracted from the practical experiences of the participants interviewed: 'being confined in the world without sound by themselves', 'learning and comprehending how to communicate', and 'looking for identity as a membership of the deaf community'. Sign language was a tool and mediator so that they could come out of their comfort zone, communicate with people, and connect to others in the deaf community. However, on the other hand, sign language had a contradictory role that restricted their activities to the deaf societies that could understand each other using sign language. As a result of this study, we can be cognizant of how much not hearing and speaking(hearing disability) is a difficulty for human beings. The implication of this study's results on policy making and actual practices are discussed focusing on the rights and well-being of the deaf.

Keywords

Deaf;Communication;Sign Language;Deaf Culture;Phenomenological Study