Development of Cultural Competence Scale for Prospective Social Workers

예비 사회복지사의 문화적 유능감을 측정하는 척도 개발에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2013.01.25
  • Accepted : 2013.03.29
  • Published : 2013.05.31


This study aims to develop and validate Cultural Competence Scale for prospective social workers. The scale adopted three constructs of cultural competence, which include multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills. It was made up with concrete episodes based on which respondents rate sets of competing statements relating to multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills. The score of each item was calculated by subtracting each score of non-cultural awareness, knowledge, and skills from the corresponding score of cultural awareness, knowledge, and skills when cultural statements got higher scores than did non-cultural statements. Each score was summed up to make a total cultural competence score. Through preliminary and main test, 16 episodes and corresponding sets of statements were selected for the final version. The final scale showed satisfactory levels of reliability and validity. Based on the results, implications for the application and the further improvement of this scale were discussed.


Cultural competence;Multicultural;Prospective social workers;Scale development


Supported by : 한국연구재단