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Comparison of Warm-Needling and Acupuncture for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

퇴행성 슬관절염에서의 온침과 침의 효능 비교 연구

  • Received : 2013.02.08
  • Accepted : 2013.03.19
  • Published : 2013.03.27

Abstract

Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate whether warm-needling is more effective than acupuncture in relieving the pain and improving the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis(OA). Methods : 76 volunteers with knee OA participated in the study. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group received warm-needling(n=38), while the other group received acupuncture(n=38). Sixteen sessions of warm-needling or acupuncture were conducted on the pain region of each problematic knee over a period of 8 weeks. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index(WOMAC) scores, physical health score based on the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey(SF-36) and the Global Assessment(PGA) was measured. Results : Compared to the acupuncture group, the warm-needling group showed a significant decrease in pain, function, and total WOMAC scores according to the Mann-Whitney U-test. The PGA scores of the warm-needling group also showed a significant improvement compared to the acupuncture group. Conclusions : Warm-needling showed a greater pain relief effect on knee OA compared to the acupuncture group. These findings suggest that warm-needling may be a promising alternative therapy for treating knee OA.

Keywords

warm-needling;acupuncture;arthritis;WOMAC;SF-36;patient global assessment

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Research Foundation