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울릉도 민속식물 추출물의 항염증 효과

김현준;이동준;구자정;최경;박광우;강신호;문철;이평재
Kim, Hyun-Jun;Lee, Dong-Jun;Ku, Ja-Jung;Choi, Kyung;Park, Kwang-Woo;Kang, Shin-Ho;Moon, Cheol;Lee, Pyeong-Jae

  • 투고 : 2012.11.12
  • 심사 : 2013.02.25
  • 발행 : 2013.04.30

초록

울릉도 민속식물 31분류군 49점 추출물을 대상으로 최종농도 $50{\mu}g/mL$로 LPS에 의해 유도된 RAW 264.7 대식세포의 NO 생성량을 조사하였다. 그 결과, 다래(Actinidia arguta) 잎 가지, 헛개나무(Hovenia dulcis) 잎, 동백나무(Camellia japonica) 잎 가지, 말오줌나무(Sambucus sieboldiana var. pendula) 잎 가지, 왕호장근(Fallopia sachalinensis) 뿌리 순으로 항염 활성이 우수하게 나타났다. 이 중에서 다래 잎 가지, 헛개나무 잎, 동백나무 잎 가지 추출물을 LPS로 유도된 Raw 264.7 대식세포에서 최종농도가 10, 20, 40, $50{\mu}g/mL$로 처리하여 NO 생성량과 세포생존율, $PGE_2$ 생성량을 측정하였다. 그 결과 다래 잎 가지($IC_{50}=29.21{\mu}g/mL$), 헛개나무 잎($IC_{50}=27.34{\mu}g/mL$), 동백나무 잎 가지($IC_{50}=45.68{\mu}g/mL$) 모두 NO 생성을 농도 의존적으로 유의성 있게 억제하였다. 또한 $PGE_2$ 측정결과 다래 잎 가지($IC_{50}=21.06{\mu}g/mL$), 헛개나무 잎($IC_{50}=33.47{\mu}g/mL$), 동백나무 잎 가지($IC_{50}=43.90{\mu}g/mL$)에서도 유의성 있는 억제효과를 보였다. 본 연구결과 다래 잎 가지, 헛개나무 잎, 동백나무 잎 가지의 추출물은 염증 유발의 중요 인자인 NO 및 $PGE_2$ 생성을 저해하여 우수한 항염증 효과를 보였다. 이들 소재에 대한 염증억제 유효성분 규명 및 그 작용기전을 추가적으로 연구함으로써 만성 염증질환의 예방과 치료에 효과적으로 사용할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

키워드

Actinidia arguta;Hovenia dulcis;Camellia japonica;Nitric oxide;Prostaglandin $E_2$

참고문헌

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