Comparative Study of Extracellular Proteomes for Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens

  • Received : 2013.03.12
  • Accepted : 2013.03.28
  • Published : 2013.03.31

Abstract

Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens are closely related species that share a similar genomic background, and are both known to secrete large amounts of proteins directly into a medium. The extracellular proteomes of two strains of Bacillus subtilis and two strains of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens were compared by 2-D gel electrophoresis during the late exponential growth phase. The relative abundance of some minor protein spots varied among the four strains of Bacillus. Over 123 spots of extracellular proteins were visualized on the gel for B. subtilis CH 97, 68 spots for B. subtilis 3-5, 230 spots for B. amyloliquefaciens CH 51, and 60 spotsfor B. amyloliquefaciens 86-1. 2D gel electrophoresis images of the four Bacillus strains showed significantly different protein profiles. Consistent with the 2D gel electrophoretic analysis, most of the B. subtilis proteins differed from the proteases secreted by the B. amyloliquefaciensstrains. Among the proteins identified from B. subtilis, approximately 50% were cytoplasmic and 30% were canonically extracellular proteins. The secreted protein profiles for B. subtilis CH 97 and B. subtilis 3-5 were quite different, as were the profiles for B. amyloliquefaciens CH 51 and 86-1. The four proteomes also differed in the major protein composition. The B. subtilis CH 97 and B. amyloliquefaciens CH 51 proteomes both contained large amounts of secreted hydrolytic enzymes. Among the four strains, B. subtilis 3-5 secreted the least number of proteins. Therefore, even closely related bacteria in terms of genomic sequences can still have significant differences in their physiology and proteome layout.