DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Change of Vegetation and Soil Characteristics of Green Roofs in Dongguk University

동국대학교 옥상녹화 지역의 식생 및 토양특성 변화

  • Lee, Sang-Jin (Department of Environment Forestry Resources, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Park, Gwan-Soo (Department of Environment Forestry Resources, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Il (Korea Landscape Architecture Technology Laboratory) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Kun (Department of Landscape Architecture, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kil, Sung-Ho (Department of Landscape Architecture, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jang, Seong-Wan (Eco & Bio Corporation) ;
  • Park, Beom-Hwan (Department of Environment Forestry Resources, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yun, Jun-Young (Department of Environment Forestry Resources, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Jang, Kwan-Woo (Department of Environment Forestry Resources, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Ho-Young (Department of Biological and Environmental Science, Dongguk University) ;
  • Kwon, Oh-Jung (Department of Biological and Environmental Science, Dongguk University)
  • 이상진 (충남대학교 산림자원학과) ;
  • 박관수 (충남대학교 산림자원학과) ;
  • 김동일 (한국조경기술연구소) ;
  • 이동근 (서울대학교 조경.지역시스템공학부) ;
  • 길승호 (서울대학교 조경.지역시스템공학부) ;
  • 장성완 (에코앤바이오(주)) ;
  • 박범환 (충남대학교 산림자원학과) ;
  • 윤준영 (충남대학교 산림자원학과) ;
  • 장관우 (충남대학교 산림자원학과) ;
  • 이호영 (동국대학교 바이오환경과학과) ;
  • 권오정 (동국대학교 바이오환경과학과)
  • Received : 2012.12.12
  • Accepted : 2013.02.06
  • Published : 2013.02.28

Abstract

This study was to provide the base data on the status of vegetations and soils in green roofs by analyzing the soil and vegetation characteristics of 4 green roofs in Dongguk University in September 2012. Sanglokwon(SW), Dongguk Hall(DH), University Library(UL), and Information and Culture Hall P(IC) were established in 2005, 2008, 2009, and 2010, respectively. The areas of green roofs were $700m^2$, $2,300m^2$, $1,240m^2$, and $640m^2$ in SW, DH, UL, and IC respectively. The investigated floras of vascular plants were 26 families, 55 genera, 65 species in Sanglokwon(SW), 53 families, 99 genera, 112 species in Dongguk Hall(DH), 43 families, 77 genera, 84 species in University Library(UL), and 41 families, 71 genera, 75 species in Information and Culture Hall P(IC), respectively. A positive correlation is shown between the number of plant species and planting area. Total nitrogen, organic matter, and potassium in soil have positive correlation with the number of plant species. The number of plant species was proportional to area and increased more than twice after planting. About a quarter of the invaded plants (including native and naturalized species) were naturalized plants. The total soil depths including vegetation soil and drainage soil at SW, DH, UL, and IC were 20cm, 10cm, 10cm, and 8cm, respectively. The depths of vegetation soil at SW, DH, UL, and IC were <7cm, <3cm, <2cm, and <2cm respectively. The soil pH in vegetation soil ranged from 5.22 to 5.36, and from 6.13 to 6.39 in drainage soil. Available-P concentration ranged from 10.17 to 189.77mg/kg in vegetation soil and from 6.70 to 81.17mg/kg in drainage soil. Carbon concentration in vegetation soil ranged from 2.93 to 9.70%, and 2.93 to 9.70% in drainage soil. Carbon contents in 20cm, 10cm, 10cm, and 8cm soil depths were $2.62kg/m^2$, $1.89kg/m^2$, $0.50kg/m^2$, and $0.53kg/m^2$ at SW, DH, UL, and IC, respectively.

Keywords

Carbon Content;Carbon Concentration;Soil Properties;Vegetation Soil;Drainage Soil

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경부

References

  1. Chungbuk Research Institute. 2009. Development of Green roof system for climate change counteraction. (in Korean)
  2. Emilsson, T. and K. Rolf. 2005. Comparison of establishment methods for extensive green roofs in southern Sweden. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 3 ; 103-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2004.07.001
  3. Jeong JH, Koo KS, Lee CH, and Kim CS. 2002. Physio-chemical Properties of Korean Forest Soils by Regions. Jour. Korean For. Soc. Vol 91(6) : 694-700. (in Korean with English summary)
  4. Korean forest service. 2000. Forest and Forestry technology (I) general forest. pp. 113-124. (in Korean)
  5. Kristin L., D. Getter, R.G. Bradley, R. Philip, M.C. Bert, and A.A. Jeffrey. 2009. Carbon Sequestration Potential of Extensive Green Roofs. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43 : 7564-7570 https://doi.org/10.1021/es901539x
  6. Lee CB. 2003. Korean illustrated plant book. Hyang Moon Sa. (in Korean)
  7. Lee EH, Kang KY, Shin SH, Nam MA, and Lee KW. 2005. Soil Mixture and Depths Selection for Mat-Type Rooftop Greening. J. Korean Env. Res. Tech. 8(4) : 12-22. (in Korean with English summary)
  8. Lee EY and Moon SK. 1999. Effects of Soil mixtures and Soil Depths on the Growth of Zoysia japonica for the Artificial Planting Ground. J. Korean Env. Res. Tech. Vol 2(3) : 1-9. (in Korean with English summary)
  9. Lee SJ, Park GS, Lee DK, Jang SW, Park BH, Lee HG, Yun JY, Jang KW, Lee SW, Lee HY, Kwon OJ, Lee SM, and Kil SH. 2011. A Study on Vegetation and Soil Environmental Characteristics of Green Roof in Daejeon Metropolitan City. CNU Jounal of Agricultural Science. 38(4) 641-649. (in Korean with English summary)
  10. Lee SW. 1981. Studies on Forest Soils in Korea. Jour. Korean For. Soc. Vol 54 : 25-35. (in Korean with English summary)
  11. Lee YN. 2006. A new Korean illustrated plant book. Gyo Hak Sa. [in Korean]
  12. Lim MS, Y Kim, Oh CH. 2010. The research of Immigration plants characteristics in the rooftop garden. Pro. Kor. Soc. Env. Eco. Con. 20(1) : 250-254. (in Korean with English summary)
  13. Melchior, H. 1964. A Engler's Syllabus der Pfanzenfamilien. Gebruder Berntraeger, Berlin. Band II.
  14. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology. 2000. Analysis method of Soil and Vegetation (in Korean)
  15. Numata. 1975. Naturalized Plants. Japanese books. Tokyo, Japan, pp.160
  16. Park JS, Ju JH, Kim WT, and Yoon YH. 2010. Application Analysis of Vitex rotundifolia by Difference of the Shallow-Extensive Green Roof System, J. Korean Env. Res. Tech. 13(4) : 10-17. (in Korean with English summary)
  17. Park SH. 2009. Naturalized plant in Korea. Il Jo Gak. (in Korean)
  18. Seoul metropolis. 2000. Building green roof academic service, report of the Seoul metropolis. (in Korean)

Cited by

  1. A Study on the Changes of Plant Species and Soil Environmental Characteristics on Green Roofs at Seoul Women's University vol.16, pp.6, 2013, https://doi.org/10.13087/kosert.2013.16.6.109