A Comparative Study on Protected Area Management in South Korea, Japan and China

한·일·중 3국의 보호지역 관리 비교연구

  • Lee, Min-Ju (Department of Landscape Architecture, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Gwan-Gyu (Department of Landscape Architecture, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Sung, Hyun-Chan (Department of Green & Landscape Architecture, Dankook University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Kun (Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural System Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Hyun-Woo (Korea Environment Institute) ;
  • Kim, Joon-Soon (Department of Forest Management, Kangwon National University)
  • 이민주 (강원대학교 산림환경과학대학 조경학과) ;
  • 이관규 (강원대학교 산림환경과학대학 조경학과) ;
  • 성현찬 (단국대학교 생명자원과학대학 녹지조경학과) ;
  • 이동근 (서울대학교 농업생명과학대학 조경.지역시스템공학부) ;
  • 이현우 (한국환경정책.평가연구원) ;
  • 김준순 (강원대학교 산림환경과학대학 산림경영학과)
  • Received : 2012.09.05
  • Accepted : 2012.12.17
  • Published : 2013.02.28


This study has been carried out with the purpose of coming up with suggestions for designation of domestic protection areas and improvement of their management through a comparative analysis of the systems of management of the protection areas in South Korea, Japan and China. Starting with the designation of natural reserves in 1962, South Korea has prepared legal systems for preserving ecosystems and biodiversity, while continuing to designate protected areas. As the state has so far monopolized the designation and management of all South Korean protection areas that take up 10.8% of its entire land area (as of Dec. 2011), with such persisting issues as multiple designations of one and the same area for protection, overlapping management authorities, and management of privately owned land in the protection areas. In Japan, which has protected area sizes and relevant legal systems similar to those in South Korea, the state provides the basic framework for management, while delegating most of the duties related to direct operation and management to specific municipalities. China, with an integrated administrative management of protected areas, has related government offices and municipalities responsible for the designation and management of individual protected areas. South Korea needs to provide a legally based support system that would further enhance the value of areal protection and contribute to the promotion of local economy and community.




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