- Volume 26 Issue 6
DOI QR Code
Changes in Blood Constituents of Rabbits Subjected to Transportation under Hot, Humid Tropical Conditions
- Nakyinsige, K. (Halal Products Research Institute, Universiti Putra Malaysia) ;
- Sazili, A.Q. (Halal Products Research Institute, Universiti Putra Malaysia) ;
- Aghwan, Z.A. (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia) ;
- Zulkifli, I. (Halal Products Research Institute, Universiti Putra Malaysia) ;
- Goh, Y.M. (Department of Preclinical Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia) ;
- Fatimah, A.B. (Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia)
- Received : 2012.11.21
- Accepted : 2013.02.17
- Published : 2013.06.01
Unlike Europe (particularly, Italy and Spain), where a number of studies have been conducted on the stressful effects of transport on rabbit welfare, few studies have been conducted on transportation of rabbits under hot, humid tropical conditions experienced in countries like Malaysia. We studied the effects of transportation in hot humid tropical conditions of Malaysia on physiometabolic changes in New Zealand white rabbits. Eighty experimental animals were divided into two groups of 40 bucks each and transported for either 3 or 1 h. Transportation caused a significant upsurge of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and creatine kinase activities (p<0.001) though did not significantly affect lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity (p = 0.0706). Both transportation periods caused elevation in plasma glucose levels, lactic acidosis and dehydration as evidenced through elevated packed cell volume and plasma protein concentration. It was concluded that regardless of the duration, transport of rabbits under hot humid tropical conditions, resulted in heat distress since the rabbits showed hyperglycemia, hypercalcemia, lactacidemia, lymphocytopenia, dehydration and increase in blood enzyme activities.
- Nemec Svete, A., N. Čebulj-Kadunc, R. Frangež and P. Kruljc. 2012. Serum cortisol and haematological, biochemical and antioxidant enzyme variables in horse blood sampled in a slaughterhouse lairage, immediately before stunning and during exsanguination. Animal 6:1300-1306. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731112000079
- Perez, M. P., J. Palacio, M. P. Santolaria, M. C. Acena, G. Chacon, M. Gascon, J. H. Calvo, P. Zaragoza, J. A. Beltran and S. Garcia-Belenguer. 2002. Effect of transport time on welfare and meat quality in pigs. Meat Sci. 61:425-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00216-9
- Sabuncuoglu, N., O. Coban, E. Lacin, Z. G. Ceylan, D. Ozdemir and A. Ozkan. 2011. Effect of pre-slaughter environment on some physiological parameters and meat quality in New Zealand rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 43:515-519. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9725-9
- Shaw, D. F. and K. R. Tume. 1992. The assessment of pre-slaughter treatments of livestock by measurement of plasma constituents: A review of recent work. Meat Sci. 32:311-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/0309-1740(92)90095-L
- Terlouw, E. M. C., C. Arnould, B. Auperin, C. Berri, E. Le Bihan-Duval, V. Deiss, F. Lefevre, B. J. Lensink and L. Mounier. 2008. Pre-slaughter conditions, animal stress and welfare: current status and possible future research. Animal 2:1501-1517.
- Vignola, G., M. Giammarco, G. Mazzone, G. Angelozzi and L. Lambertini. 2008. Effects of loading method and crate position on the truck on some stress indicators in rabbits transported to the slaughterhouse. In 9th World Rabbit Congress - June 10-13, 2008 - Verona - Italy. Ethology and Welfare, pp. 1257-1262.
- von Borell, E. H. 2001. The biology of stress and its application to livestock housing and transportation assessment. J. Anim. Sci. 79:260-267.
- Warris, P. D. 2000. Meat science. An Introductory text book. Chapter 10. CABI Publishing, UK.
- Zulkifli, I., B. Norbaiyah, Y. W. Cheah, A. F. Soleimani, A. Q. Sazili, Y. M. Goh and M. A. Rajion. 2010a. A note on heat shock protein 70 expression in goats subjected to road transportation under hot, humid tropical conditions. Animal 4: 973-976. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731110000285
- Zulkifli, I., N. Bahyuddin, C. Y. Wai, A. S. Farjam, A. Q. Sazili, M. A. Rajion and Y. M. Goh. 2010b. Physiological responses in goats subjected to road transportation under the hot, humid tropical conditions. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 12:840-844.
- Broom, D. M. 2003. Transport stress in cattle and sheep with details of physiological, ethological and other indicators. Dtsch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr. 110:83-89.
- De la Fuente, J., M. I. Salazar, M. Ibáñez and E. Gonzalez de Chavarri. 2004. Effects of season and stocking density during transport on live weight and biochemical measurements of stress, dehydration and injury of rabbits at time of slaughter. J. Anim. Sci. 78:285-292.
- EFSA (European Food Safety Authority). 2004. Opinion of the scientific panel on animal health and welfare on a request from the commission related to the welfare of animals during transport. Question number: EFSA-Q-2003-094. EFSA J. 44:1-36.
- EFSA. 2011. Scientific opinion concerning the welfare of animals during transport EFSA panel on animal health and welfare (AHAW). EFSA J. 9:1966.
- Fazio, E. and A. Ferlazzo. 2003. Evaluation of stress during transport. Vet. Res. Commun. 27:519-524. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:VERC.0000014211.87613.d9
- Garbus, J., B. Highman and P. D. Altland. 1967. Alterations in serum enzymes and isoenzymes in various species induced by epinephrine. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 22:507-516. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-406X(67)90613-5
- Knowles, T. G. and P. D. Warriss. 2000. Stress physiology of animals during transport. In: Livestock Handling and Transport (Ed. T. Grandin). 2nd ed. pp. 385-407. Cambridge, MA: CABI Publishing.
- Lambertini, L., G. Vignola, A. Badiani, G. Zaghini and A. Formigoni. 2006. The effect of journey time and stocking density during transport on carcass and meat quality in rabbits. Meat Sci. 72:641-646. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2005.09.012
- Liste, M. G., G. A. María, S. García-Belenguer, G. Chacon, P. Gazzola and M. Villarroel. 2008. The effect of transport time, season and position on the truck on stress response in rabbits. World Rabbit Sci. 16:229-235.
- Manjoo, M., F. J. Burger and A. J. Kielblock. 1985. A relationship between heat load and plasma enzyme concentration. J. Therm. Biol. 10:221-225. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4565(85)90044-0
- Marai, I. F. M. and A. A. Rashwan. 2004. Rabbits behavioural response to climatic and managerial conditions - a review. Arch. Tierz. Dummerstorf. 47:469-482.
- Mazzone, G., G. Vignola, M. Giammaco, A. C. Manetta and L. Lambertini. 2010. Effect of loading on rabbit welfare and meat quality. Meat Sci. 8:33-39.
- Melillo, A. 2007. Rabbit clinical pathology. J. Exotic Pet Med. 16:135-145. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jepm.2007.06.002
- Minka, N. S. and J. O. Ayo. 2009. Physiological responses of food animals to road transportation stress. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 8:7415-7427.
- Muir, W. 2004. Recognizing and treating pain in horses. In Equine internal medicine, 2nd edition (Ed. S. M. Reed, W. M. Bayly and D. C. Sellon), pp. 1529-1541. Saunders, St Louis, MO, USA.
- Abdelatif, A. M. and S. M. Modawi. 1994. Effects of hyperthermia on blood constituents in the domestic rabbits (Lepus cuniculus). J. Therm. Biol. 19:357-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4565(94)90034-5