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Effect of γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) Producing Bacteria on In vitro Rumen Fermentation, Biogenic Amine Production and Anti-oxidation Using Corn Meal as Substrate

  • Ku, Bum Seung ;
  • Mamuad, Lovelia L. ;
  • Kim, Seon-Ho ;
  • Jeong, Chang Dae ;
  • Soriano, Alvin P. ;
  • Lee, Ho-Il ;
  • Nam, Ki-Chang ;
  • Ha, Jong K. ;
  • Lee, Sang Suk
  • Received : 2012.10.09
  • Accepted : 2013.01.02
  • Published : 2013.06.01

Abstract

The effects and significance of ${\gamma}$-amino butyric acid (GABA) producing bacteria (GPB) on in vitro rumen fermentation and reduction of biogenic amines (histamine, methylamine, ethylamine, and tyramine) using corn meal as a substrate were determined. Ruminal samples collected from ruminally fistulated Holstein cows served as inoculum and corn was used as substrate at 2% dry matter (DM). Different inclusion rates of GPB and GABA were evaluated. After incubation, addition of GPB had no significant effect on in vitro fermentation pH and total gas production, but significantly increased the ammonia nitrogen ($NH_3$-N) concentration and reduced the total biogenic amines production (p<0.05). Furthermore, antioxidation activity was improved as indicated by the significantly higher concentration of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) among treated samples when compared to the control (p<0.05). Additionally, 0.2% GPB was established as the optimum inclusion level. Taken together, these results suggest the potential of utilizing GPB as feed additives to improve growth performance in ruminants by reducing biogenic amines and increasing anti-oxidation.

Keywords

GABA;Biogenic Amines;Feed Additives;In vitro;Antioxidant

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Acknowledgement

Grant : Development of production technologies for high quality and nutritional values of beef in Hanwoo

Supported by : Agriculture and Forestry Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries